Ladies Dresses From The Decade
Depending on where you are from, your view of the causes of the Civil War might be different,
so I will try to concentrate on the facts.
Eleven Southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America, also known as "the Confederacy". Following the creation of the Confederacy both sides began to form large armies and atrocities and wrongs were committed on both sides including the murder of civilians. Some of the few facts that should be noted are that about 10 percent of all Northern males 20-45 years of age died, and 30 percent of all Southern white males aged 18-40 died. The war remains the deadliest war in American history, resulting in the deaths of 620,000 soldiers and an unknown number of civilians (For comparison, World War II had approximately 406,000 U.S. deaths, World War I had approximately 116,500 U.S. deaths, and World War I had approximately 1,357,800 French deaths). Following a number of heavy defeats and the Union's decision to use total war (utter defeat of Confederate forces and their economic base including destroying homes, farms, and railroads) the Confederacy surrendered in 1865.
Like America, Europe was a continent in turmoil during the 1800's with wars being fought at sea and on
land. The main combatants were Britain, Russia, Austria, Prussia, Spain and France with possibly the best known of the sea battles "The Battle Of Trafalgar" between the British Royal Navy
led by Admiral Nelson and the combined forces of the French and Spanish. Like many sea battles during the period the British were heavily outnumbered but due to the combination of
leadership and better trained gun crews, they were victorious.
But in mainland Europe the French forces under the leadership of Napoleon were equally successful with defeats over the Russia and Spain expanding French influence. But, Napoleon met his match at the Battle Of Waterloo in 1816 (Belgium) against combined forces of the United Kingdom, Russia, Austria and Prussia led by the Duke of Wellington.
Queen Victoria became the British Queen in 1837 leading to the Victorian Era. The Victorian Era was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military progress that included further growth and influence of "The British Empire." This also included taking control of India and obtaining one of her many titles the "Empress of India."