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16 Oct, 1962 - Cuban Missile Crisis Timeline
1962 : Cuban Missile Crisis Timeline
1. 15th October: United States reconnaissance photographs taken by an American U-2 spy plane revealed missile bases being built in Cuba.
2. 16th October: President Kennedy is informed that reconnaissance photographs revealed the presence of missile bases in Cuba.
3. 18th October: President Kennedy met Andrei Gromyko, who denies the existence of missiles in Cuba.
4. October 22nd: President Kennedy, in his first public speech tells the American public that missiles have been discovered in Cuba which had the potential to attack the United States with nuclear warheads. And gives warning that. "It shall be the policy of this nation to regard any nuclear missile launched from Cuba against any nation in the Western Hemisphere as an attack on the United States, requiring a full retaliatory response upon the Soviet Union."
5. 23rd October: Options for removing missiles from Cuba are discussed with Joint Chiefs of Staff recommending a full-scale invasion, but President Kennedy opposed the Invasion concerned that the U.S. would not gain support around the world and opted for a naval blockade of Cuba.
6. 23rd October: The US Joint Chiefs of Staff instructed Strategic Air Command to go to DEFCON 2, for the only time in history.
7. 24th October: The Naval Blockade of Cuba by United States begins.
8. 27th October: EXCOMM Meetings in Washington
9. 27th October: Private, public and diplomatic communication between the US and Soviet Union continue following the shooting down of a U-2 spy plane.
10. 27th October: The U.S. informs its NATO allies that the United States may find it necessary within a very short time in its interest and that of its fellow nations in the Western Hemisphere to take whatever military action may be necessary.
11. October 27th: Nikita Khrushchev offered to remove Soviet missile bases in Cuba if the U.S. removed its missile bases in Turkey.
12. 28th October: Nikita Khrushchev informed the United States that he had ordered the dismantling of Soviet missile bases in Cuba.
13. 28th October: The US informs the Soviet Union that the US would remove all missiles set in Turkey on the border of the Soviet Union.
14. 28th October: The US informs the Soviet Union that they will not invade Cuba.
15. 2nd November: President Kennedy tells the American people that Soviet missile bases in Cuba were being dismantled.
16. November 20th: USSR agreed to remove bombers from Cuba and US lifted its blockade.
This is the closest the world's two superpowers came to war, but one important safety mechanism did come from this episode, the Moscow-Washington hotline which puts the president of the United States and the leader of the Soviet Union in direct contact linking the White House via the National Military Command Center with the Kremlin during the Cold War.
 

16 Oct, 1924 - U.S.A. Airship
1924 : The new ZR-3 Dirigible Airship from the Zeppelin Corporation has today set a new world record for transatlantic flight from Germany to the United States covering 5,066 miles and averaging 62.35 MPH, she is now tied securely at Lakehurst, New Jersey swaying from side to side and has proved the feasibility of Trans Atlantic Flight.
 

16 Oct, 1935 - East Africa Italian Expansion
1935 : Despite moves by the League of Nations earlier this week the Italian Fascist army continues it's goal of East African Territorial expansion by looking beyond Ethiopia.
 

 

Back In Time Gifts

16 Oct, 1937 - China Japan
1937 : Bitter fighting in the Shanghai district continues with Japanese Artillery bombarding the area in preparation for their drive south along the Ping-Hankow and Tientsin-Pukow Railways.
 

16 Oct, 1940 - U.S.A. Register for Draft
1940 : American men are registering for draft and signing up at a rate of 1 million or more an hour.
 

16 Oct, 1946 - Germany Nazis Hung For War Crimes
1946 : Ten Nazi leaders were hung today after a military tribunal sentenced them to death for war crimes including crimes against humanity.
 

16 Oct, 1946 - U.S.A. Price Controls
1946 : President Truman lifts the price controls placed during the war on the sale of meat.
 

16 Oct, 1947 - Great Britain Palestine
1947 : Great Britain has told the United Nations that unless a UN force is agreed quickly to help with the problems in Palestine between fighting Jews and Arabs Britain will pull out completely. Current proposals include creating a partition in the area with United Nations forces controlling the border area.
 

16 Oct, 1951 - Prime Minister of Pakistan Assassinated
1951 : The first Prime Minister of Pakistan (office created during partition, not elected), Liaquat Ali Khan, is assassinated by Saad Akbar Babrak, an Afghan.
 

16 Oct, 1952 - Iran Oil Fields Dispute
1952 : Iran has broken off diplomatic relations with great Britain following the continued dispute and lack of agreement over oil fields in Iran.
 

16 Oct, 1961 - U.S.A. Railways Segregation
1961 : Segregation on railways in the south will end as 3 of the major railroads have stated they will end segregation on all trains immediately.
 

16 Oct, 1964 - China New Atomic Power
1964 : The People's Republic of China becomes the fifth country in the world with atomic bomb capability joining the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and France.
 

16 Oct, 1967 - U.S.A. Vietnam Protests
1967 : Protest rallies and demonstrations across America have taken place in 30 US cities, from Boston to Atlanta, in protest against the continuing war in Vietnam. During a sit in at a military induction center in Oakland, California the folk singer Joan Baez is arrested together with a number of anti war supporters.
 

16 Oct, 1968 - Rodney Riots In Kingston
October 16th, 1968 : Following the Jamaican government decision to ban Guyanese university lecturer Dr. Walter Rodney from returning to his teaching position at the University of the West Indies (UWI), students from UWI, begin a demonstration closing down the campus. later while marching to the parliament building in Kingston more demonstrators joined in and as the day progressed the March turned from a peaceful protest into a full scale riot spreading across the city causing millions of dollars in property damages and the death of several innocent bystanders.
 

16 Oct, 1973 - U.S.A. Credit Card Catholics
1973 : A roman catholic church in Buffalo, New York has started accepting donations via credit cards in an attempt to increase it's income. A senior member of the Coronation of the Blessed Mary Church has explained that donations of 50 cents which is all it's parishioners have left after paying weekly bills is not enough to fund the churches budget and it is already proving a success as donations of $10 to $25 are forthcoming.
 

16 Oct, 1974 - Northern Ireland Maze Prison
October 16th, 1974 : Rioting prisoners set fire to the Long Kesh Maze prison near Belfast.
 

16 Oct, 1978 - Vatican New Pope Elected
1978 : The Roman Catholic church has elected it's first non Italian Pope in 455 years today when it elected the Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla as Pope John Paul II . He is also one of the youngest Popes in modern times at 58 yrs old.
 

16 Oct, 1986 - Israel Terrorist Attack
October 16th, 1986 : A terrorist attack on Israeli soldiers and their families at the wailing wall by throwing grenades into the crowd yesterday caused the death of 1 person and injured a further 69. The PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization) has claimed responsibility.
 

16 Oct, 1987 - England Hurricane Storm Winds
1987 : Hurricane storm winds batter southern England during the night killing 13 after the worst night of storms in living memory.
 

Back In Time Gifts For All Occasions
16 Oct, 1991 - Killeen, Texas Massacres
October 16th, 1991 : George Jo Hennard drives his pickup truck through the front window of a Luby's Cafeteria in Killeen, Texas and shot and killed 23 people, wounded another 20 and after being cornered and wounded by police committed suicide by shooting himself in the head.
 

16 Oct, 1995 - U.S.A. Million Man March
1995 : The Million Man March a political march convened by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan marches on Washington, DC. Estimates for the march ranged between 400,000 and 1.5 million depending on who provided the figures.
 

16 Oct, 1996 - Guatemala Soccer Fans Die
October 16th, 1996 : Soccer fans stampede before a World Cup qualifying match in Guatemala City which leaves 84 people dead.
 

16 Oct, 1996 - United Kingdom Handguns Banned
1996 : Following the Dunblane Massacre where Thomas Hamilton walked into the gym at the local primary school and killed 16 young children and their teacher the British Government has announced plans to outlaw almost all handguns.
 

16 Oct, 2006 - U.S.A. Hawaii Earthquake
October 16th, 2006 : The state of Hawaii experienced a 6.3 magnitude earthquake that disturbed utilities and damaged some homes but did a relatively small amount of damage.
 

16 Oct, 2007 - Piracy On The High Seas Increases
2007 : In these modern times it is difficult to think that Piracy attacks on the world's oceans are increasing, we have fast communication in a modern world, but just in the last 12 months Piracy attacks on shipping has increased by 14%, one of the worst areas off the coast of Somalia. 15 ships have actually been attacked and hijacked this year so far, with the pirates often asking for ransom for the ships, cargo and the crew.
 

16 Oct, 2007 - United States Dalai Lama
October 16th, 2007 : US President George W. Bush has met the Dalai Lama (Tibetan spiritual leader who is now exiled in India), the meeting between the two leaders went ahead despite strong objections from the Chinese government. The Dalai Lama is awarded a Congressional Gold Medal by US President George W. Bush.
 

16 Oct, 2008 - United States Joe The Plumber
2008 : Mr Wurzelbacher "Joe The Plumber" was seized on by Republican Senator John McCain as a real-life Joe Six-pack, he was mentioned more than a dozen times in the third and final presidential debate between Mr. McCain and Mr. Obama last night, an ordinary man chasing the American dream, who had challenged Barack Obama's tax plans in a chance encounter.
 

16 Oct, 2011 - 100 Year Old Man Becomes the Oldest Person to Run a Marathon
October 16th, 2011 : Fauja Singh, a one-hundred year old British man, became the oldest marathon runner after completing a race in Toronto, Canada. Singh ran for over eight hours and finished the race before five other competitors.
 

16 Oct, 2011 - Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Dedicated
2011 : President Barack Obama dedicated a memorial to civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. who was assassinated in 1968. The memorial is located between the Thomas Jefferson and Abraham Lincoln memorials in Washington D.C.
 

16 Oct, 2012 - Lichtenstein Painting Returned
October 16th, 2012 : A painting by Roy Lichtenstein that had gone missing forty-two years ago was returned to the widow of the owner. The painting had been bought by art dealer Leo Castelli for $750 and had been sent for cleaning in 1970 when it disappeared. The current value of the work was estimated at about $4 million.
 

16 Oct, 2013 - US Government Shut Down Ends
2013 : The US Congress passes a last-minute deal to re-open the government and raise the debt limit at the last possible second. The Senate first struck a bi-partisan deal and then the House passed the deal with several Republican members joining the Democrats in voting to move forward.
 

Born This Day In History 16th October

Celebrating Birthdays Today
Bob Weir
Born: 16th October 1947 San Francisco, California
Known For : Bob Weir is a singer, songwriter, rhythm guitar, and guitarist, and a founding member of the American rock band Grateful Dead whose most ardent fans followed the band from concert to concert and were known as "Deadheads." Unlike many other touring bands then and now the "Grateful Dead" concerts were never exactly the same because of their varied song selection and improvisation. Although none of their albums or singles have been in the top 10 their loyal followers and the distinct music style continue to be listened to by a generation who appreciate their music.

David Zucker
Born: 16th October 1947 Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
Known For : Film director who's movies include The Kentucky Fried Movie, The Naked Gun, The Naked Gun 2½, Scary Movie 3, he was also the co-director on many films including Airplane!.


This Week In History 41

October 11th to October 17th
1907 first commercial wireless telegraph
1921 Sleeping Sickness Deaths Increase
1924 Chinese Tong Wars in New York
1928 "Graf Zeppelin" completes it's transatlantic flight from Europe to America
1931 Scarface Al Capone found guilty of income tax evasion
1931 Johnny Weissmuller is chosen to play Tarzan
1933 Dr. Albert Einstein and his wife flee Nazi Germany
1935 Ethiopia Holy War
1938 Nazi's Attacks Clergy In Germany
1939 Albert Einstein Writes To President About Potential Of Nuclear Weapons
1940 Charlie Chaplin's satirical comedy The Great Dictator opens
1943 415-km Thailand Burma railroad ( Death Railway ) between Bangkok, Thailand and Rangoon, Burma is completed
1945 Nazi Party Dissolved
1946 Price Controls Lifted In US
1947 Chuck Yeager becomes the first person to fly faster than the speed of sound breaking the elusive "Sound Barrier", His X-1 rocket plane
1947 Great Britain Starts Nationalisation Of Key Industries
1952 U.S.A. Public Debt to reach 268 billion dollars
1958 Paddington Bear Books Released
1960 Nixon - Kennedy Debate TV
1961 Railways Segregation Ends In South United States
1962 The Columbus Day Storm strikes Northern California, Oregon, Washington and British Columbia
1962 U2 Spy Plane show Soviet made medium range missiles in Cuba starting the Cuban Missile Crisis
1964 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
1965 Mass Demonstrations Against Vietnam War
1966 Strict New Apartheid Laws Take Effect In South Africa
1968 Apollo 7, is launched from Cape Canaveral
1968 Black Power Salute Olympics
1969 Mass Demonstrations Against Vietnam War
1973 Members of OPEC announce an oil embargo
1973 Iceland / Britain Cod Wars
1973 Arab Israeli War
1975 Saturday Night Live premiered
1978 Pope John Paul II Elected As New Pope
1978 Sid Vicious Arrested For Murder
1982 The Mary Rose Raised In The Solent
1983 First mobile phone service for public use Offered In Chicago
1984 Conservative Party Conference Bombing Grand Hotel in Brighton
1987 Loch Ness Monster Not Found
1987 The Great Storm of 1987 Strikes UK
1987 Aids March In Washington
1989 Earthquake San Francisco
1991 Killeen, Texas Massacres
1993 Nelson Mandela and F.W. de Klerk win the Nobel Peace Prize
1995 Million Man March
2000 America Online becomes the biggest, richest and most successful Internet company
2000 The USS Cole attacked by two suicide terrorists
2002 8th Murder By Washington Beltway sniper
2002 Bali Terrorist Bombing
2003 Staten Island Ferry Accident
2003 Taipei 101 become the World's tallest highrise building
2005 Apple introduce new iPod
2006 DR Congo Pneumonic plague
2006 United States population reaches 300 million

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