The People History

Important Events From This day in History January 13th

Find Out What happened 13th January This Day in History on your birthday
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1968 - Johnny Cash at Folsom Prison
1968 : Johnny Cash performs live for the second time at Folsom Prison in the prison cafeteria which was recorded as the album Johnny Cash at At Folsom Prison.

1957 - Frisbee
1957 : Wham-O begins begins production of the Pluto Platters ( Changed Name to "Frisbee" in June 57 ). following the name change sales rocketed as the Frisbee took off as a sport rather than the original marketing as a toy, find examples of the Frisby and many other Vintage Toys in our Toys section showing 1,000's of examples from 1920 to 2000.

2012 - Cruise Ship Costa Concordia Runs Aground
2012 : The cruise ship, Costa Concordia, ran aground after hitting a sandbar near the Italian island of Giglio. Most of the people on the ship were able to be evacuated but seventeen people had been found dead and several more were still missing after the accident. The Captain of the ship was being investigated for endangering passengers and leaving the ship for the last person had been evacuated.


1929 - Wyatt Earp
Wyatt Earp dies in Los Angeles at the age of 80 best known for the famous gunfight at the O.K. Corral.

On This Day In History January 13th Johnny Cash at Folsom Prison, 1957 Pluto Platter / Frisbee, Wyatt Earp, Glenn Miller Band 1941, Cruise Ship Costa Concordia Runs Aground

1991 - Lithuania Soviet Crackdown
The Soviet Union has cracked down on it's latest area in the Baltic republic looking for independence. Members of the Government supported independence and encouraged it, but Moscow sent troops to take control of the Television and Radio Centrex where 1,000 protesters had gathered to protect them. Soldiers then smashed through the glass windows of the station and overwhelmed defenders armed with sticks. The Soviet military then proceeded to take control of Government buildings. During the Soviet crackdown 14 civilians were killed and condemnation came from around the world on attacking a peaceful and democratically elected government. Later in the year in September the Baltic states of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia did gain full independence from the Soviet Union and were admitted into the United Nations.

1915 - Italy Earthquake
1915: A massive earthquake that extended 300 miles across Italy killed many thousands. The town of Avezzano, which has a population of about 12,000, is completely destroyed.

1925 - Child Labor Laws
1925 : Efforts were being made to improve working conditions. One of those was to create guidelines for child labor. Many people fought against the practice of overworking children in factories, fields, and so on. However, U.S. District Judge G.W. Mc Clintic had expressed a new concern. He had spoken out about child idleness, as in relation to the passing of the child labor amendment to the constitution.

1927 - U.S.A. Communist Crackdown
1927 :Communist documents were presented in Washington, to Secretary Kellogg. This papers had on it records of various quotations made by Soviet leaders as well as Mexicans and Americans. Apparently, the claim was that Latin America and Mexico are to be used as bases for an attack on the "imperialistic" United States. The document presented to Kellogg was brought to the Senate, as it was holding a foreign relations committee meeting regarding dealings in Nicaragua.

1939 - Australia Bush Fires Claims 70 Lives
Bush Fires covering more than 4,942,000 acres in Victoria, Australia destroys more than 1,000 homes and leaves towns entirely destroyed, the bush fires known as ( Black Friday fires ) claims over 70 Lives during what is thought to be the worst natural bush fires (wildfires) in the world

1941 - Glenn Miller Band
The four Modernaires joins the iconic Glenn Miller Band on a permanent basis. The four singers - Hal Dickinson, Chuck Goldstein, Bill conway and Ralph Brewster - enjoy many years of success as part of the band and as a separate group as well.

1942 - Plastic Car
Wartime material shortages forced manufacturers to become very creative. Therefore, Ford Motor Company-one of the first leading manufacturers of mass-produced vehicles had registered for a patent on a plastic car. This was the date that the patent became official. The plastic that was used to make this particular model of car was derived from the soybean plant.

1942 - Great Britain War Crimes
1942 : Representatives from nine German occupied countries meet in London to declare that all those found guilty of war crimes would be punished after the war ended,. Knowledge of German atrocities occurring in Poland and Russia where butchering of innocents including Jews, political dissidents, and clergy was taking place. At the end of the war a court was set up to try those who had committed the atrocities.


1950 Soviet Storms Out Of UN
Soviet UN representative Jacob Malik stormed out of A Security Council meeting all in a "huff" on this day. He was angry that his proposal to expel the Nationalist Chinese representative was defeated. This is the second time in a week that Malik had left a meeting mad. The reason he was angry was because he felt that the communist People's Republic of China is the true Chinese government, therefore the PRC is the government that should be represented, and not the one of Nationalist China.

1964 India Religious Violence
Religious violence involving anti-Muslim rioting in the Indian city of Calcutta has left 100 dead, 438 injured and 7000 arrests with a 24 hour curfew in many areas of the city following arson and looting against Muslims causing 70,000 Muslims to flee their homes and businesses in the city .


1973 - Women's Rights
1973 : A female West Virginia University student had filed a discrimination complaint through the West Virginia Human Rights Division. The reason for the complaint was that this female student was denied resident tuition prices because her husband was attending an out-of-state school.
The case was yet to be decided, but it appeared as of this date it was a good chance that it would be ruled that this woman was discriminated against. This is the second case like this that was filed within a few months.


1974 - George Orwell
A commentary on George Orwell's Novel 1984 was printed in a local West Virginia newspaper by a real life predictive theorist who saw quite a bit of truth that has derived from this novel.
George Orwell's novel 1984 was published in 1948-a few years after World War II ended. It is considered a political science-fiction work, and contains quite a bit of references to economic ruin, dominating individuals by the power of a state, and the destruction of the world.

1982 - U.S.A. Aircraft Crash
In Washington D.C., a Boeing 727 aircraft had crashed into the Potomac River, just two miles from the White House. In the process, 78 people were killed. This crash was caused by bad weather.


1985 - Ethiopia Train Crash
1985 : A train full of passengers crashes into a ravine with no warning in Ethiopia killing nearly all passengers and crew on board ( Over 400 )

1993 - Iraq Allied Bombing
American, British and French bombers have carried out a series of bombing raids over southern Iraq because Iraqis have repeatedly breached the "no-fly zone" set up after the Gulf War .


1997 - Peru Hostages in Embassy
Left wing guerrillas who have been holding 72 hostages in the Japanese embassy in Lima, Peru started firing at security forces surrounding the embassy claiming the security forces had broken an agreement that they would stay at least 100 meters from the compound. ( Three months later government forces did storm the building killing all 14 Tupac Amaru guerrillas, and saving 71 of the 72 hostages that had been held ) .


2001 - Salvador Earthquake
A major earthquake measuring 7.6 on the Richter scale has struck the south American city of San Salvador leaving over 1,000 dead .

2006 - Iran Nuclear Program Will Continue Despite Sanctions
Iran's President Ahmadinejad has said Iran will not back down over Tehran's nuclear programme following it's reopening of Isfahan and Natanz Nuclear facilities, despite the threat sanctions and referral to the UN Security Council. Around the world Western leaders are deciding how to handle the latest announcement which could lead to Iran becoming a Nuclear Power within 5 to 6 years in an area of the world where tensions run high over Israel's Nuclear Capabilities.

2007 - Crops Destroyed by Cold Snap
A cold snap lasting from January 13th to January 18th hit the West Coast and froze several crops throughout California, Oregon and Washington State. Often called the Western U.S. Freeze of 2007, this weather-related disaster claimed thousands of acres of citrus crops and even caused snow to fall in parts of Southern California..

2009 - Israel - Gaza Attacks
2009 : The Israeli attacts and occupation of Gaza continues with 60 more targets bombed overnight, the Israeli offensive is now entering it's 3rd week and the number of bombings and the death toll in Gaza is approaching 1,000 with nearly 300 of the deaths being children. Israeli troops are now in Gaza City suburbs and are engaged in street fighting with Palestinian militants. The attacks and Israeli occupation are in retaliation for rocket and mortar attacks from Gaza on Israeli cities.


2010 - U.S. Banking Sector Interrogated By Washington
The senior officers of the Bank of America, J.P. Morgan Chase, Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs are answering questions in Washington on the financial crisis, where they will be facing the U.S. Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission's (F.C.I.C.'s) examination the causes of the 2008 U.S. financial meltdown. They have said that they underestimated the severity of the crisis, and apologized for the mistakes that occured. In the hearing they have faced questions over their role in it, which ended with their being bailed out with $360 billion of taxpayer's money and a 26-year high of unemployment. Barack Obama is preparing to unveil a plan for recouping some of the billions in bailout funds by imposing a fee on the banks. The bankers themselves have defended their levels of pay and bonuses.


2011 - A German Tanker Capsizes on the Rhine River
A tanker carrying a large amount of sulfuric acid sunk on the Rhine river. Two crewmembers were rescued while two others were missing. There were no reports of leaks from the ship.   

2013 - Paris Rally Against Gay Marriage
Hundreds of thousands of protesters gathered to rally against gay marriage in Paris, France after President Hollande had indicated he wanted to extend rights for gay couples in the country. Sam-sex civil unions were already legal in the country.


2014 - German Breweries Fined
2014 : German brewers Bitburger, Krombacher, Warsteiner, Barre and Veltins were fined along with several individuals for price-fixing. The offences were alleged between 2006 and 2008 and they were found guilty of acting together to raise prices on draught and bottled beer. The fine was for $145 million. Several other breweries were also under investigation.


Born This Day In History 13th January

Celebrating Birthday's Today Robert Stack
Born: 13th January 1919 Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Died: May 14 2003 Beverly Hills, California, U.S.
Known For :
Robert Stack is best known and remembered for his role in the TV series "The Untouchables" which ran from 1959 to 1963. The series was based on the memoirs by Eliot Ness and Oscar Fraley members of the Prohibition Bureau for Chicago which were known as "The Untouchables " because although most politicians and law enforcement agencies could be bought or bribed to turn the other way "The Untouchables " could not. The series which only ran for four years but has been repeated multiple times was a success.