The People History

Important Events From This day in History December 1st

Find Out What happened 1st December This Day in History on your birthday
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1942 UK - - Care from the cradle to the grave
The British Coalition Government accepts The Beveridge report which propose a series of changes designed to provide plans for a welfare state offering care to all from the cradle to the grave. Find More What happened in 1942.

1955 - United States - - Rosa Parks
Rosa Parks sets off a bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama when she refuses to give up her seat in the "colored" section of a bus to make room for a white passenger. Led by Martin Luther King, Jr., the boycott lasted for over a year and resulted in the desegregation of the buses. This is often thought of as the event that started the Civil Rights Movement nationwide.

1901 Afghanistan - Claims By England and Russia
Both England and Russia have laid claim to parts of Afghanistan and have been in constant conflict over it. However, a new ruler in Afghanistan may bring stability to the region. Unlike his unpopular father who created hardships for his people, his son, the new leader, planned to pay the military more and to reduce taxes.

1973 - Papua New Guinea - - Independence
Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia.

1974 - United States - - Plane Crash
TWA Flight 514 crashes into Mount Weather, Virginia while making it's landing approach to Washington Dulles International airport killing all passengers and crew.

1977 - Libya - - Protesters
In Libya protesters lined the streets enraged at Egyptian leader Anwar Sadat's visit and proposal to have peace with Israel. JANA a major news source in Libya declared that its goal was to be, "embodying the will of the Arab nation to fight all imperialist and Zionist conspiracies and to frustrate the surrender and deceit settlement."

1987 - Spain - - High Tech Factory
King Juan Carlos and Spain have gone high-tech. North of Madrid a $220 million microchip plant has been built. The factory is expected to produce 20 million microchips by 1991 and has 300 technicians.

1988 - Pakistan - - Benazir Bhutto
Benazir Bhutto the leader of the Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) is chosen and sworn in the next day as Prime Minister of Pakistan of the new coalition government.

1990 - Britain / France - - Tunnel links UK to Europe
Construction workers drill through the final wall of rock to join the two halves of the Channel Tunnel and link Britain to France.

1991 - Ukraine - - Independence
Voters in the Ukraine vote for independence from the Soviet Union.

1997 - Iraq - - U.N. Sanctions
Although Iraq wanted the complete lifting of U.N. sanctions, it finally agreed to participate in an oil- for- food proposal. This would allow Iraq to export $2 billion worth of its oil to purchase food and medicine.

1997 - U.S.A. - - Shooting
Three students were victims of a shooting on this date, and they all died. Five others were severely injured during this outrage. This terrible crime took place at Heath High School in Paducah, Kentucky.

1998 - U.S.A. - - Exxon buys Mobil
Exxon buys Mobil for $73.7 billion creating the worlds largest oil company Exxon-Mobil.

1999 - World - - Mapping of Human Chromosome
An international consortium of sequencing centers and collaborators from the chromosome 22 genetics community released into the public domain the genetic code of the 33.5 million bps that comprise the euchromatic portion of human chromosome 22.

2001 - Israel - - Suicide Bombers
Two suicide bombers blew themselves up in back-to-back explosions at a downtown Jerusalem pedestrian mall, killing 11 bystanders.

2001 - United States - - End Of TWA
The last Trans World Airlines ( TWA ) flight "Flight 220" flies into St. Louis International Airport ending 76 years of TWA operations following TWA's purchase by American Airlines.

2001 - United Kingdom - - Entrance Fees End For Major UK Museums
The entrance fees for 13 of the most popular museums in Britain have ended thanks to a pledge made during the last General Election making them available to everyone. Natural History Museum
Science Museum
Victoria & Albert
National Railway Museum in York
National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside
National Maritime Museum
National Railway Museum
Imperial War Museum
Museum of Science and Industry
Museum of London
Royal Armouries
Theatre Museum

2004 - Iran - - Nuclear Power Program
The majority of Iranians view their nuclear power program with pride, even though it is a thorn in the flesh of the Bush administration. Iran keeps maintaining that it is using nuclear power for electricity, but many countries fear that they are trying to develop a nuclear bomb.

2006 - Mexico - - New President of Mexico
Felipe Calderón becomes President of Mexico during a midnight ceremony in Mexico City. A conservative, he had been warned of the threat of disruption from opposition politicians to his inauguration ceremony. Members of the left-wing PRD have said that he won the election by fraud. He studied law Mexico City and did postgraduate studies in economics at the Autonomous Technological Institute of Mexico. In 2000 he completed a master's degree in public administration at Harvard University.

2006 - United States - - The Archdiocese of Los Angeles settles sexual abuse claims
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles agrees to pay $60 million to settle lawsuits against claims of sexual abuse by its priests. The settlement is for forty-five cases, although there are still five hundred outstanding. One of the largest settlements since the allegations that started in 2002.

2008 - United States - - Hillary Clinton nominated as Secretary of State
Barack Obama nominates Hillary Clinton to be his Secretary of State. He has described the former first lady and opponent for the nomination as a woman of 'tremendous stature.' Also announced have been his nominations for the current Defense Secretary, Robert Gates to retain his position, retired General James Jones as a National Security Adviser, Eric Holder as Attorney-General and Arizona Governor Janet Napolitano as Secretary of Homeland Security.

2008 - Italy - - Venice flooding
Venice has had the biggest floods in more than twenty years, with waters rising about five feet above normal levels. Many of Venice's streets, including St. Mark's Square, have been submerged. The Adriatic city has flooding for about two hundred days every year, and the Venetian authorities have been planning to complete an underwater dam by 2011.

2009 - Europe - - Treaty of Lisbon
The Treaty of Lisbon comes into force in European Union (EU) member states. The event has been marked with celebrations, fireworks and speeches in the Portuguese capital, but some have claimed that the treatise have accomplished what Hitler, Mussolini and Napoléon never could. The European Commission President has said that the Lisbon Treaty symbolizes a 'free and democratic' Europe, but other critics say the treaty will cede too many national powers to Brussels. Hour-long celebrations have taken place at a custom-built venue close to Lisbon's River Tagus, and José Barroso has called the Lisbon Treaty 'the symbol of a reunited, free and democratic Europe.

2011 - Hungary - - Hungary Outlaws Homelessness
A new law that came into force in Hungary effectively outlaws homelessness. The new regulation states that people who are found to be sleeping on the streets will receive a warning and if they are found to be on the streets again they could be imprisoned or forced to pay a $600 fine. The law is condemned by charities who say that it is unfair and unenforceable because there are not enough places for the homeless in shelters.

2012 - Mexico - - Mexican President Sworn In
Newly elected president of Mexico Enrique Pena Nieto was sworn in, marking the return to power of the PRI political party after twelve years. There was heavy security during the inauguration and police clashed with protesters.

2012 - Ukraine - - Massive Protests in Kiev
Thousands of people gathered in protest after Ukraine's president Viktor Yanukovych didn't sign an EU trade deal. The pro-Europe protesters congregated in Independence Square in Kiev, despite a court order making it illegal to do so. Several people were injured and there were reports of deaths after police were ordered to clear the protesters.

Born This Day In History 1st December

Celebrating Birthday's Today

Born: 1st December 1958 San Diego, California
Known For :
For playing Lucy in the TV Soap Dallas. Lucy was raised on the Southfork Ranch by her grandparents, Jock and Miss Ellie Ewing and was known for her unpleasant personality and spoil brattishnet which led to her being nicknamed "The Poison Dwarf". There is a film version of Dallas in production with a release date of 2009.

Bette Midler
Born: 1st December 1945 Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
Known For :
An American Actress who has a number of awards, she is also an accomplished singer who has a number of hits. The video included is from the movie "Beaches" with the song "Wind Beneath My Wings" Her other movies include The Rose, Down and Out in Beverly Hills, Beaches, The First Wives Club, The Stepford Wives and For The Boys.