What happened This day in History on October 14th

For Those With Birthdays 14th October looking for specific year these years are Included on this date 1879, 1928, 1935, 1938, 1941, 1944, 1947, 1952, 1954, 1962, 1964, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1973, 1979, 1981, 1983,1991, 1994, 2006, 2011, 2012, 2013, Born This Day,

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Australia 1991 Australia Ozone Layer 14th October, 1991 : Scientists from the International Atmospheric Authority in Australia have said that the earths protective Ozone layer has shrunk 4% in the the last ten years compared with 2% in the preceding 10 years

USA 1879 United States Incandescent Light Bulb Oct. 14th, : Thomas Alva Edison filed his first patent application for "Improvement In Electric Lights" on October 14, 1878 (U.S. Patent 0,214,636) The first successful test was on October 22, 1879, and lasted 13.5 hours.

Wales 1913 Wales Coal Mine Explosion Oct. 14th, 1913 : A tremendous explosion ripped through the Sengenhydd coal mine near Cardiff in one of the worst mining disasters in Great Britain and over 400 minors are killed

U.S. 1928 U.S.A. Graf Zeppelin 14th October, 1928: The small town of Lakehurst NJ is preparing for the arrival tomorrow of the largest dirigible ever made the "Graf Zeppelin" which will complete it's transatlantic flight from Europe to America, this airship will change travel across the Atlantic with it's massive size of 770 ft and it's cruising speed of 60 MPH , this ship is owned by the German People .

Switzerland 1935 Switzerland Sanctions on Italy Oct. 14th, 1935: The League of Nations approved the placing of financial sanctions on Italy .

Germany 1938 Germany Nazi's Attacks Clergy Oct. 14th, 1938: Adolf Hitler's deputy has attacked the catholic clergy during a massive Nazi rally in Austria telling the cheering crowd of 100,000 that the clergy are seeking to instigate people against the state. Hitler or Christ is not the question, Hitler has never taken a stand against the Church and there is only one Fuhrer and his name is Adolf Hitler, and the clergy should not take orders from Rome but from the Fuhrer.

Russia 1941 World War II Russia 14th October, 1941 : As Panzer divisions approach closer to Moscow, Nazis are telling women and children to leave the city and run for their lives, Although Germany is close to Moscow it is still a long way from the Caspian oil fields which are one of the main objectives in this war. Russia in the meantime has asked England to strike German soil to create a diversion which would mean Hitler would have to move some of the Panzer divisions back to Germany giving the Russian Red Army time to regroup.

Germany 1944 World War II Desert Fox Oct. 14th, 1944 : German General Erwin Rommel or "the Desert Fox," is given the option of facing a public trial for treason, as a co-conspirator in the plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler, or taking cyanide. He chooses suicide by cyanide .
General Erwin Rommel or the Desert Fox Public Domain Photo
Full Size Original Here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bundesarchiv_Bild_146-1973-012-43,_Erwin_Rommel.jpg


U.S. 1947 U.S.A. Chuck Yeager Oct. 14th, 1947 : Chuck Yeager a World War II fighter pilot ace becomes the first person to fly faster than the speed of sound breaking the elusive "Sound Barrier", His X-1 rocket plane was built by the Bell Aircraft Company , the X-1 was taken to an altitude of 25,000 feet by a B-29 bomber and released through the bomb bay to achieve a speed greater than the speed of sound.

U.S. 1947 U.S.A. Flying Boat 14th October, 1947 : An old flying boat attempting to carry the largest number of passengers on a transatlantic flight ( 63 passengers ) in a heavier than air aircraft has failed in it's attempt and is stranded 800 miles from the Newfoundland coast in heavy seas and 25ft - 75ft waves .

U.S. 1952 U.S.A. Radar Traps Oct. 14th, 1952 : As the number of radar speed traps is increased complaints that small towns adjoining main highways are using the traps to provide additional revenue by targeting motorists could become even worse as they install the latest radar traps which take photographs of the cars number plate meaning the local Police do not even need to witness the offence for the town to issue a speeding ticket. A test case is currently underway in New York on the legality of these new radar traps.

U.S. 1954 U.S.A. Hurricane Hazel Oct. 14th, 1954 : Hurricane Hazel makes landfall at Haiti leaving three towns totally destroyed and more than 1,000 dead in it's wake. From there it moves on to make landfall in North Carolina on October 15 as a Category 4 hurricane ( 19 dead ) and then to Toronto, Ontario ( 81 dead ). It is considered one of the worst hurricanes of the 20th century. This was the third hurricane to hit the United States in 1954 and by far the worst.

Cuba 1962 Cuba U2 Spy Plane 14th October, 1962 : Photographs taken by a high-altitude U 2 spy plane show Soviet made medium range missiles in Cuba capable of carrying nuclear warheads just 90 miles from the American coastline. This news would bring the United States and the Soviet Union to the closest point to nuclear war in history .
U2 Spy Plane Public Domain Photo
Full Size Original Here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Usaf.u2.750pix.jpg


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U.S. 1964 U.S.A. Martin Luther King, Jr Oct. 14th, 1964 : Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent resistance to racial prejudice in America .
Martin Luther King Public Domain Photo
Full Size Original Here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Martin_Luther_King_Jr_NYWTS.jpg

Russia 1964 Soviet Union Khrushchev Oct. 14th, 1964 : Nikita Khrushchev is ousted from power by Leonid Brezhnev after 10 years.

Netherlands 1966 Holland Cabinet Resigns 14th October, 1966 : The Dutch premier and all his cabinet were forced to resign when his own party members put a censure motion on his financial policy which passed through the 150 member lower house of parliament .

Canada 1966 Canada Montreal Metro Oct. 14th, 1966 : The Montreal Metro a mass transportation system is inaugurated in Montreal consisting of 26 stations on three separate lines serving the north, east, and centre of the Island of Montreal. The Montreal Metro was the first completely rubber-tyred metro system which uses exclusively rubber tires instead of steel wheels. ( Parts of Paris Metro were rubber tyred )

U.S. 1967 U.S.A. Joan Baez arrested Oct. 14th, 1967 : Folk singer Joan Baez is arrested in Oakland, California with at least 40 other anti-war protesters for taking part in a sit-in at thr military induction centre. She was given a ten day sentence, one of many sentences she received during her years of protest at the Vietnam War.
Joan Biaz Public Domain Photo
Full Size Original Here:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Joan_Baez_1963.jpg

Space 1968 Space First Live Telecast From Space 14th October, 1968 : The first live telecast from a manned U.S. spacecraft using a Black and white camera is transmitted from Apollo 7 back to earth.

UK 1969 England New 50 Pence Coin Oct. 14th, 1969 : The new 50-pence seven sided coin comes into circulation to replace the old 10 shilling note .

Thailand 1973 Thailand Student Protests Oct. 14th, 1973 : Clashes between troops and 100,000 protesters protesting for a democratic government in Thailand with protesters throwing stones and petrol bombs, police and troops using live rounds. Bangkok is placed under a state of emergency and by the end of the unrest 77 are killed and 857 are injured.

U.S. 1979 U.S.A. Gay Rights March 14th October, 1973 : The first Gay Rights March on Washington, D.C., demands "an end to all social, economic, judicial, and legal oppression of lesbian and gay people," draws 200,000 people.

Egypt 1981 Egypt Hosni Mubarak Oct. 14th, 1981 : Hosni Mubarak who was the vice president of Egypt when President Anwar Al Sadat was assasinated on 6th October is elected as the President of the Republic of Egypt ( currently still the President October 2008 ).

South Korea 1983 Korea North / South Korea Tensions Oct. 14th, 1983 : Following the bombing and murder of 21 officials at a ceremony in Burma earlier this week tensions between North and South Korea are getting worse with accusations on both sides concerning South Korea entering the DMZ and firing 500 rounds of ammunition into North Korea.

Iraq 1991 Iraq Kurds 14th October, 1991 : Kurdish leaders have admitted today to shooting and killing 60 Iraq prisoners of war at point blank range in retaliation to Iraq soldiers killing Kurdish prisoners of war earlier in the week .

Palestine 1994 Middle East Nobel peace prize Oct. 14th, 1994 : Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, and two Israelis, the Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres, have been named the winners of this year's Nobel peace prize.

U.S. 2006 U.S.A. Alzheimer's Oct. 14th, 2006 : A new study by scientists in the US analysed the health and eating pattern of 2,258 study participants and found a link between a Mediterranean diet and a decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease, the most common cause of dementia.
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U.S. 2006 Gaza Israel Sends Tanks In 14th October, 2006 : Israel sent tanks into northern Gaza and killed six Palestinian militants after a confrontation erupted.

Cuba 2011 Cuba Leader of Cuban "Ladies in White" Protest Group Dies Oct. 14th, 2011 : The founder and leader of Cuba's "Ladies in White" protest group, Laura Pollan, died of Dengue fever at the age of sixty-three. Pollan had founded the group after her husband was imprisoned. The group had protested in Havana asking for the freedom of seventy-five men who had been jailed during a 2003 government repression.

United States 2011 United States iPhone 4S Oct. 14th, 2011 : Apple Inc. releases the latest Apple smartphone model, the iPhone 4S.

United States
2012 United States Shuttle Endeavour Arrives in Los Angeles

14th October, 2012 : The retired US Space Shuttle Endeavour has arrived at is final destination in a museum in Los Angeles after its journey was delayed due to trees, street lights, power lines and other such objects being in the way of its path.



United States
2012 United States Former Senator Dies

Oct. 14th, 2012 : Former US Senator for Pennsylvania, Arlen Specter, died at the age of eighty-two. Specter was known for spending the first three decades of his career as a Republican before becoming a Democrat in 2009 and losing his election.



Malaysia
2013 Malaysia Court Rules on Allah Use

14th October, 2013 : A court in Malaysia ruled that non-Muslims would not be allowed to use the word Allah. The ruling stated that non-Muslims would not be allowed to use the word to refer to God, even in their own religions, it overturned a 2009 ruling by a lower court.