The People History

Important Events From This day in History May 13th

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1938 - U.S.A. "When the Saints Go Marching In"
1938 : "When the Saints Go Marching In" was recorded by Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra. Though the song was first written to be a spiritual song, many jazz and folk artists have adopted it and made it very popular throughout the years.
1985 - U.S.A. MOVE Philadelphia
1985 : Philadelphia Police Department drop a bomb containing C-4 and Tovex from a helicopter onto MOVE's residence part of a row of tenements on Osage Avenue, the explosion started an uncontrolled fire and as a result, 53 houses burned and 240 people were left homeless. John Africa, six other adults and four children, who were living in the MOVE Cult Home died in the resulting fire. Police were attempting to enforce outstanding arrest warrants for four members of the group by blowing up tactical bunkers constructed by MOVE on the roof and had evacuated people from their Osage Avenue homes in order to prepare for an operation against MOVE. MOVE was a mostly black group whose members all adopted the surname Africa, advocated a 'back-to-nature' lifestyle and preached against technology.
1981 - Vatican Pope John Paul II Shot
1981 : Pope John Paul II, is shot in St Peter's Square in Rome in front of 20,000 worshipers. Police in the square apprehended Turkish citizen Mehmet Ali Agca after the shooting.
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1939 - Italy Benito Mussolini
1939 : The Italian leader Benito Mussolini and German Leader Adolf Hitler are planning tours of borders with France and the border between Tunisia and Libya together with Poland. The Italian Leader is expected to give an anti-french speech in the next 2 days over the disputed areas Italy believes should be Italian and not French controlled offering a last chance for France to come to a peaceful settlement over Italian territorial claims.
1940 - England Queen Wilhelmina
1940 : Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands safely arrived in England as a refuge from the invading Nazi Germany.
1940 - Churchill First Speech as UK Prime Minister
1940 : Following Winston Churchill becoming leader of the British Coalition Government in his first speech as prime minister he told the British House of Commons "I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat."
1947 - Germany Severe Food Shortages
1947 : In Germany calls have been made for urgent assistance in the American Zone and the British Zone as residents in both areas are now suffering with severe shortages of food which is causing mass starvation, this is in turn causing antagonism and resentment to America and England.
1960 - France Cold War Summit
1960 : A Summit scheduled for tomorrow with the 4 most powerful leaders who have a vested interest in the future of Germany is focused on how to proceed in Germany , the Russians want recognition of East Germany and an end to the cold war and disarmament. The 4 leaders who will be attending are Eisenhower, Macmillan, Khrushchev and de Gaulle. This is also seen by many as a showdown between Eisenhower and Khrushchev over the American U2 spy plane shot down in Russian Airspace on the May 1st. Each of these leaders is expressing the same desires to end the Cold War, nuclear disarmament and an end to the build up military forces.
1968 - France General Strike
1968 : 800,000 teachers, workers and student protesters marched through the French capital during a one day general strike demanding the fall of the government under Charles de Gaulle and to protest police brutality during the riots of the past few days. The strike spread all across France until around 10 million workers had downed tools and paralyzed the nation for nearly two weeks. Following concerns by the government Charles de Gaulle called an election for the end of June resulting in his party winning by a huge majority.
1980 - U.S.A. Tornado Kalamazoo, Michigan
1980 : A tornado devastated Kalamazoo, Michigan, killing five people and injuring a further 85.
1988 - Iran Iraq Bombs Supertankers
1988 : Iraq bombed and destroyed 2 of the worlds largest supertankers in the Southern Persian Golf loading oil in the Iranian offshore loading terminal of Larak. This is seen as a further escalation of the 7 1/2 year war between Iraq and Iran.
1993 - U.S.A. Knots Landing
1993 : Knots Landing a spin off of the hit soap "Dallas " goes off the air after running from December 27, 1979 on CBS for more than 13 years.
2000 - Netherlands Enschede fireworks Fire and Explosion
2000 : A warehouse in Enschede storing fireworks starts on fire and causes over 170 tons of fireworks to explode with devastating results killing more than 20 and injuring nearly 1,000, the explosion was so bad over 400 homes were completely destroyed and more than 1,000 other homes severely damaged.
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2005 - Vatican City Pope John Paul II to be Beatified
2005 : Pope Benedict XVI announced that the Vatican will begin the process of beatification for the late Pope John Paul II, the first step in achieving sainthood. The current Pope went against convention by beginning to beatify John Paul II so soon after his death, normally there is a period of five years after a person's death before the process begins. However, Pope Benedict XVI waited just over a month after his death to begin the process of beatification.
2006 - Brazil São Paulo Violence
2006 : Attacks organized by the crime syndicate PCC against police stations, justice forums, buses and inside prisons continues from the night before. The attacks are in retaliation for police crackdown on organised crime in São Paulo after 40 police are killed by gang violence. The attacks and retaliation by police continued for 4 days during which time 150 from both sides of the law die.
2007 - Iranian President Visits UAE
2007 : Iranian President, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, visited the United Arab Emirates to hold talks with UAE officials. The visit was the first of its kind since the United Arab Emirates was created in 1971. The leaders discussed issues dealing with energy, security, and trade.
2008 - United States Pop Artist Dies
2008 : The unconventional pop artist, Robert Rauschenberg, died at the age of 82 in the US state of Florida. The artist was known for using household items and other unconventional art mediums in his paintings and sculptures and rose to fame in the 1950s. He was also known as a choreographer and had won a Grammy for "best album package" in 1984.
2010 - Italy Convent Drug Smugglers Arrested
2010 : Police arrested thirty-three people as they uncovered a drug smuggling operation running out of a convent in Piacenza, Italy, near Milan. The smugglers arranged pilgrimages to South America, in which the "pilgrims" would smuggle cocaine in their prayer books. The police found over sixty pounds of cocaine at a house nearby and stated that the nuns at the convent were unaware of the drug ring.
2012 - Police Find 49 Bodies in Monterrey, Mexico
2012 : Police in Monterrey, Mexico found forty-nine mutilated bodies of people who were believed to be victims of drug gangs. There were forty-three men and six women, all of the bodies were decapitated with their hands cut off to make it more difficult for police to identify them. The increase in the violence of drug gangs in the country began when President Calderon deployed the army to help combat the drug cartels.
2013 - Afghanistan Roadside Bomb Kills Ten
2013 : A roadside bomb set off in the Kandahar province killed ten Afghan civilians. Victims included women and children and another twelve people were reported injured. No group claimed responsibility for the attack.

Born This Day In History 13th May

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Daphne du Maurier
Born: May 13th, 1907, London
Died: April 19th, 1989 Par, Cornwall, England
Known For : Daphne du Maurier wrote The Loving Spirit (1931), Jamaica Inn (1936) and Rebecca (1938). Many of her books that were set in Cornwall, but Rebecca remains her most prominent. She was educated by governors in England, before being sent to finishing school in Paris. Her work was, at the time, seen as very romantic. She was made a Dame in 1969.