For Those With Birthdays 25th March
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What happened This day in History on March 25th
| 1965 U.S.A. The Alabama Freedom March
25th March, 1965: Following the end of the march by 25,000 civil rights supporters from Selma to Montgomery after four days and nights on the road under the protection of Army troops and federalized Alabama National Guardmen. They were refused permission to give a petition to Governor Wallace which said:
"We have come not only five days and 50 miles but we have come from three centuries of suffering and hardship. We have come to you, the Governor of Alabama, to declare that we must have our freedom NOW. We must have the right to vote; we must have equal protection of the law and an end to police brutality."
During the rally that followed the refusal by the Govenor of Alabama, Governor Wallace. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. stated
"We are not about to turn around. We, are on the move now. Yes, we are on the move and no wave of racism can stop us."
1807 U.S.A. UK abolished Slave Trade
25th March, 1807 : The British House of Commons had passed a law forbidding the capture or transport of slaves and it became law on March 25th, 1807
, Offending captains were fined £100 per slave found on board their ships (although this could lead to slaves being thrown overboard).
1911 U.S.A. New York Shirt Factory Fire
25th March, 1911: 148 Girls Perish In a New York Shirt Factory when they became trapped by a fire. The Triangle Shirtwaist Co. factory located on the eighth, ninth and tenth floors of a New York City loft building, didn't have an outside fire escape.
1920 France: Treaty of Versailles
Thursday, 25th March, 1920: France considered the possibility of giving Germany more time to pay reparation debts that it owed after World War I. They had refused to pay the 12 billion of the 20 billion gold marks (equivalent to millions of dollars) balance owed. The motion to pay this debt was agreed upon as of the signing of the World War I Treaty of Versailles, which was first signed in 1919. However, the Germans resented the conditions of the treaty, and were still fighting the terms of it well over a year later. Eventually, Germany’s refusal to comply with the peace treaty signed in 1919 lead to the Second World War.
1929 U.S.A. Mini Market Crash
25th March, 1929 : The stock market experiences a mini-crash on March 25th, 1929 as investors start to sell their stocks. This crash reveals a shaky foundation in the market. Borrowing and credit is effected as interest rates climb to twenty percent.
1935 U.S.A. Crucifixion of Jesus Christ
25th March, 1935: Hugh S. Johnson spoke out very boldly his point of view regarding the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. He said it was the Romans who had really killed him and not the Jews. He also mentioned that Jesus was “framed” and did not receive a fair trial. This argument was often made regarding the un-justification treatment of Jews. However, in Johnson’s case, he described actions against Jesus-in his own way-as an abuse of political power.
1939 U.S.A. Billboard Magazine Introduces Hillbilly Chart
25th March, 1939 : Billboard Magazine introduced the ( country music ) hillbilly music chart.
The term country music did not begin to be used until the 1940's
when the earlier term hillbilly music was deemed as degrading to the style of music.
1940 England Not Working Class War ?
25th March, 1940: Concerns arose among the working class that the current war was an imperialistic one. Further accounts reveal that many workers of England had no desire to be a part of it. They felt that the purpose of it was to fight for the protection of French and English Possessions. Working class unions advocated against this war (World War II).
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1947 U.S.A. Coal Mine Explosion
25th March, 1947: An explosion at a Coal mine in Centralia, Illinois, today trapped more than 100 miners and sent deadly gas through the mine's tunnels .
1950 Czechoslovakia Hostages
25th March, 1950 : A news article printed this date in 1950 portrayed an account of a hostage situation in Czechoslovakia. On the day before, three Czech planes were held at gunpoint by Anti-Communist rebels. The pilots of these planes were forced to fly to the Erding Air Base, which is located in Germany. The planes departed from three different Czech locations-Brno, Bratislava, and Ostrava.
1957 Italy The Treaty of Rome
25th March, 1957: France, West Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg sign the treaty in Rome establishing the European Economic Community (EEC), also known as the Common Market.
1963 Korea Civilian Rule
25th March, 1963 : The United States made the decision to support the return of civilian rule in Korea. This action was taken on the grounds that the military junta structure now present in Korea could lead to the continued de-stabilization of that country’s political system (government).
1967 U.S.A. Anti Vietnam War Demo
25th March, 1967: Martin Luther King, Jr., leads a march of 5,000 antiwar demonstrators in Chicago
1971 U.S.A. Louis Armstrong
25th March, 1971 : Louis Armstrong, the famous trumpet player, had undergone a temporary tracheotomy after being admitted to a New York hospital. Armstrong had received this throat operation after receiving treatment for heart trouble.
1975 Saudi Arabia King Faisal Assassinated
25th March, 1975 : King Faisal is fatally wounded by his nephew Prince Faisal Ibu Musaed when he fires 3 shots directly at the king from a pistol during a royal audience .
Prince Faisal bin Musaed was later found guilty of the murder of his uncle and was beheaded in public in the capital Riyadh.
1975 England Britains National Front Party
25th March, 1975 : Right wing opponents who are member of Britains National Front Party and oppose Britains entry into the common market rally in Islington, North London.
1980 Russia Moscow Olympics Boycott
25th March, 1980 : The British Olympic Association has defied the British Government and will be sending a team to the Moscow Olympics later in the year.
The British and US government and other Governments around the world have called for a boycott of the Moscow Olympics. Although many governments pressurised thier Olympic Atheletes only 16 countries did not compete including The United States, Japan, West Germany, China, Canada and 9 others.
To place it in context 81 other countries atheletes many in defiance of their governments wishes did compete but many as a sign of support against the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan marched under the Olympic Flag, instead of their national flags.
1981 Germany Squatters
25th March, 1981 : German police raided a home occupied by squatters. They were looking for evidence leading to the resolution of local crimes committed. The next day, these squatters were cleared from the building, and over a thousand youth protested in the streets. On the day after, many young people argued with authority.
1990 U.S.A. Happy Land Fire
25th March, 1990 : A fire at an unlicensed social club called "Happy Land" in New York City with blocked fire escapes and no alarms or sprinkler systems kills 87 people, most of them Honduran and Dominican immigrants.
25th March, 1991: Three prominent NATO officers called for a year-round allied naval force to be stationed in the Mediterranean. This action would help provide heightened security for all those who pass through these waters. These new naval forces would replace the temporary ones that were currently stationed in this area. The Naval On-Call Force would usually stay in this area two times a year for up to six weeks at a time.
1994 Somalia US Troops Withdraw
25th March, 1994: US troops finally withdraw from Somalia having entered to perform limited peacekeeping operation " Restore Hope " during the civil war which had caused a major famine . They had been forced to leave when the warlord General Mohamed Farrah Aididhis militia attacked Pakistan and US Army troops.
2002 Afghanistan Earthquake
25th March, 2002 : Following a major earthquake that rocked Afghanistan and northwestern Pakistan, killing as many as 1,000 people. Malaly Soury a local schoolteacher stood next to the ruined school building where she works. She had no idea how she would teach her class with no supplies or books until local civil Affairs soldiers had helped them get the help that they needed.
2003 U.S.A. Philip Giordano
25th March, 2003 : Philip Giordano the former mayor of Waterbury, Connecticut, is convicted of violating the civil rights of two girls of 10 and 8 years old by sexually abusing them. He was sentenced to 37 years in prison
2004 U.S.A. Unborn Victims of Violence Act
25th March, 2004 : Congress passed the Unborn Victims of Violence Act of 2004 making it a separate offense to harm a fetus during a violent federal crime. In the 2004 Scott Peterson trial California's fetal homicide law was used during the trial when he was convicted of first-degree murder with special circumstances for killing Laci and second-degree murder for killing his unborn son.
2006 Rome The Pope asks for a Christian convert to be spared
25th March, 2006 : Pope Benedict XVI has asked the Afghan president to show clemency towards the
Afghan man that is facing execution for
converting to Christianity. Abdul Rahman has been charged with apostasy, which
is a religious offence. The Pontiff has
appealed to Hamid Karzai to respect the human rights guarantees that are in
the Afghan constitution. The Afghan government
had been holding talks on Rahman's fate, and officials have said that he 'could
be released soon.' The threat might be lifted
under Sharia law if he reconverts. Today's clemency was sent by letter.
Three days later he was released from jail, while his case is reviewed. Abdul
Rahman's case has been handed back to the attorney-general because of the gaps
that in the presented evidence. Unofficially,
it has been said that Rahman would not need to be detained while the attorney-general
was looking at the papers. Rahman has
been a Christian for 16 years, and has been charged with rejecting Islam.
Just 4 days later Abdul Rahman travels to Italy and is granted asylum
2006 U.S.A. Rallies for immigrants
25th March, 2006 : Activists have rallied in Los Angeles to protest against plans to criminalize
undocumented workers. The organisers say that
demonstrators want an immigration system that was humane and not racist. The
House of Representatives has passed a bill
that will be making it a felony for immigrants to be in the the country illegally,
and President Bush has proposed a guest-
worker plan. Protests against the immigration reform bill, H.R. 4437, are being
held in several US cities, with 500,000 people
marching in Los Angeles, 50,000 in Denver, and 20,000 in Phoenix. They are also
protesting at the proposed construction of
a security wall along the United States-Mexican border.
25th March, 2008 : Serbia has proposed that Kosovo is divided along ethnic lines. This has been refuted
by Kosovo's ethnic Albanian leadership
in Pristina. The proposal, which was submitted to the United Nations, is the result
of a campaign by Serbia to entrench its
political and administrative control over the northern part of Kosovo. It is said
that this is a largely symbolic gesture, with the
ethnic Albanian leadership in Pristina having vowed never to accept partition.
Dmitry Medvedev was in Belgrade for talks with the Serbian President Boris Tadic.
Whilst this has been heralded as a
predominantly economic meeting, the visit is also seen as a support for Serbia's
opinion on Kosovan events. Kosovo's
declaration of independence has started a number of public protests in Serbia.
2008 India Muslim scholars in India say terrorism is un-Islamic
25th March, 2008 : An influential group of Muslim theologians in India have denounced terrorism,
saying it is against the teachings of Islam. Their
thoughts were given at a meeting being held at an Islamic school. Scholars from
around six thousand religious schools were
attending the meeting.
2008 Iraq The Battle of Basra
25th March, 2008 : The Battle of Basra begins with the Iraqi Army launching an operation (code-named
Saulat al-Fursan) to drive the Mahdi
Army out of the city of Basra. This operation is the first to be planned and carried
out by the Iraqi Army since the 2003
invasion. Coalition and Iraqi aircraft patrolled the skies above Basra, and carried
out air strikes in support of the ground
forces. Coalition forces have provided some embedded military transition teams
to the Iraqi Army units and U.S. Special
Forces are conducting joint operations with Iraqi Special Operations Forces.
2009 United States Timothy Geithner speaks on the finance industry's new regulations
25th March, 2009 : The Treasury Secretary, Timothy Geithner, has said that the U.S. is committed
to stricter rules on financial fraud and abuse. In
Washington, he mentions that the new regulations will help to prevent a repeat
of the credit crisis. His comments come a week
before the G20 meet in London. As Geithner testified, a government investigator
was scheduled to release a report on the
Treasury Department’s plans to rescue the troubled banks. It has been ascertained
that partnerships between government and
private investors, backed by the Federal Reserve, are vulnerable to fraud and
require stronger safeguards.
2009 Mexico Hillary Clinton wants to reimpose the ban on assault weapons
25th March, 2009 : The Secretary of State has pledged the United States into giving Mexico more help
in its anti-drugs campaign. Clinton said
that the use of military-style assault weapons was of particular concern, and
she would discuss the reimposition of a ban on
their sale. The previous decision to lift the ban was a mistake, she said. She
has admitted that it is America's appetite for drugs
that has helped fuel the violence. Some eight thousand people have died in Mexico's
drug-related violence in the last two
2011 Canada Conservative Canadian Government Falls
25th March, 2011 : Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper's conservative government falls after facing a vote of no confidence by the Canadian parliament. The no-confidence vote meant that there would be an election in May in which the conservative party would get a chance to keep power. The liberal party as well as two other opposition parties joined forces to secure the vote of no confidence against Harper.
2013 Zambia Ex-President of Zambia Arrested
25th March, 2013 : Zambia's former president Rupiah Banda was arrested. Banda was accused of stealing more than eleven million dollars while he was in office.
2014 United States Girl Scout Breaks Cookie Selling Record
25th March, 2014 : Twelve year old Katie Francis from Oklahoma City broke the Girl Scout record for cookie sales. She sold 18,107 boxes of cookies over a total of seven weeks. The previous record had been set in the 1980s and was for 18,000 boxes. The selling season was extended by a week and Katie had stated she hoped she could sell up to 20,000 boxes.