This day in History June 27th
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27 June, 1957 - Great Britain Smoking and Lung Cancer Linked
27th June, 1957 : A report by the British Medical Research Council has found there is a direct link between smoking and lung cancer, and the British government will launch an educational campaign to raise awareness on the dangers of smoking. Tobacco firms who sell cigarettes have rejected the findings saying they are merely a 'matter of opinion'.
27 June, 1998 - UK Diana Memorial Concert Althorp
27th June, 1998 : A concert at Althorp where Princess Diana is buried raises substantial sums for the Princess Diana memorial fund, stars performing at the concert include Chris de Burgh, David Hasselhoff, Jasper Carrott, Jimmy Ruffin, Julian Lloyd Webber, The Royal Academy of Music and Sir Cliff Richard.
27 June, 1929 - U.S.A. New Immigration Laws
27th June, 1929 : New Immigration laws come into place next week with an increased number of immigrants from England and Ireland but decreases from many other countries in Latin America and Mexico where many of the quotas are already used up for the year.
27 June, 1940 - World War II Enigma Machine
27th June, 1940 : Germany started using their most sophisticated coding machine, Enigma, to transmit information and a team in England headed by some of the best mathematical brains set about breaking the code, and by the time of the German invasion of Poland the code was broken and all messages that the Germans still believed were secure were decoded by the allies.
27 June, 1944 -Cherbourg Liberated By Allies
27th June, 1944 : Allied forces liberate Cherbourg as the first step to liberating France and the beginning of the end for World War II.
27 June, 1957 - Nigeria Promised Independence
27th June, 1957 : Nigeria is the largest colony in the commonwealth that does not have independence and the British Government has promised independence after free elections have been held in Nigeria.
27 June, 1976 - Sudan Ebola Virus
27th June, 1976 : The world’s first recorded Ebola virus epidemic begins making its way through the area. By the time the epidemic is over, 284 cases are reported, with about half of the victims dying from the disease.
27 June, 1985 - U.S.A. Supreme Court Ruling
27th June, 1985 : The Supreme Court invalidated a Connecticut law stating that workers had the right not to work on their chosen religious day off. This was done in an effort to make sure that the government remains neutral regarding the subject of religion.
27 June, 1986 - U.S.A. Nicaragua
27th June, 1986 : The United Nations International Court of Justice has found the United States guilty of violating international law by training, arming and financing armed paramilitary Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
27 June, 1991 - Slovenia Yugoslav Troops
27th June, 1991 : Following Slovenia declaring independence Yugoslav tanks, troops and aircraft sweep into the republic of Slovenia, seizing control of border crossing points with Italy, Austria and Hungary and gaining control of other strategic areas of the country to crush the uprising.
27 June, 1998 - KKK Marches In Jasper, Texas
27th June, 1998 : Three men who are linked to the KKK have been arrested and charged with the murder of James Byrd and members of the activist Black Panthers group are marching in protest to members of the Ku Klux Klan staging a demonstration in the Texan town of Jasper. Racial tensions in the town are continuing following the racially motivated murder of James Byrd three weeks ago.
27 June, 2002 - Canada G8 Summit
27th June, 2002 : Leaders of the world's richest nations meeting at the G8 summit in Canada have agreed to promote economic and political development in Africa. They have agreed to fund the military regional intervention force to help stop wars and civil wars on the continent which cause many of the problems in the area. They have also agreed to fund a program to eradicate polio. The other important announcement is the increase of debt relief for poorest countries by $1bn.
27 June, 2003 - U.S.A. Do-Not-Call List
27th June, 2003 : Registration begins for the Do Not Call List with nearly 3/4 million phone numbers registered on the first day providing consumers with an opportunity to limit telemarketing calls. Enforcement on telemarketing begins on October 1st
27 June, 2007 - Gordon Brown Becomes UK Prime Minister
27th June, 2007 : Gordon Brown, former prime minister Tony Blair's chancellor, became the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Brown was sworn in as prime minister after Tony Blair resigned after being in the position for ten years. Brown was expected to reshuffle the cabinet soon after and promised to address new priorities for the country. Opposition leader David Cameron demanded that Brown call for an immediate general election because he had not earned the prime minister's position through voters.
27 June, 2008 - Mars Phoenix
27th June, 2008 : One month after the NASA Mars Phoenix touched down successfully on Mars to undertake a three-month study of the planet's geological history, the first results have staggered many in the scientific world by sending back information that shows Martian soil was much more alkaline than expected and contain traces of magnesium, sodium, potassium and other elements. The findings indicate that there are sufficient nutrients, to support life.
27 June, 2008 - North Korea Demolishes Nuclear Tower
27th June, 2008 : The North Korean government demolished a nuclear tower, a highly symbolic action of the country's commitment to comply with ending its nuclear program after talks. The demolition came only a few days after the reclusive country turned over details of its controversial nuclear program to inspectors.
27 June, 2010 - Guinea Holds Democratic Elections
27th June, 2010 : The African country of Guinea held its first democratic elections since 1958
with twenty-four presidential candidates competing for the position. The country had been ruled by a series of civilian and military autocrats since gaining independence from France in 1958. The elections were held after the current military ruler pledged to return the country to civilian rule after the military took control in 2008, and the reported turn-out of the country's over four million eligible voters was high.
27 June, 2011 - Former Illinois Governor Found Guilty of Corruption
27th June, 2011 : Former governor of the US state of Illinois Rod Blagojevich was found guilty on seventeen of twenty corruption charges after being accused of trying to sell the senate seat that was held by President Obama. Blagojevich was arrested in late 2008 and was kicked out of office in January 2009. The fifty-four year old former governor could face up to three hundred years in prison. Blagojevich became the second Illinois governor in a row to be convicted of federal charges.
27 June, 2012 - Screenwriter Nora Ephron Dies
27th June, 2012 : Nora Ephron, famous for penning movies like When Harry Met Sally and Sleepless in Seattle died at the age of seventy-one. Ephron died of complications related to acute myeloid leukemia in Manhattan. The writer had been nominated for three Academy Awards but never won.
27 June, 2013 - French Label Home-Made Food
27th June, 2013 : Members of the French parliament have approved a bill that would mandate a label being placed on dishes in restaurants made from raw ingredients in their own kitchens. The purpose of the bill is to fight against restaurants that purchase pre-made meals and reheat them before service, trying to pass them off as freshly made.
Born This Day In History 27th June
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Born: June 27th, 1949, New York, New York
Known For : American fashion designer known for creating popular wedding gowns worn by many celebrities like Kim Kardashian, Mariah Carey, and Victoria Beckham. Also recognized for her figure skating costumes designed for famous skaters like Michelle Kwan, she was inducted into the Figure Skating Hall of Fame in 2009. She also has her own line of more affordable fashion, fragrance, home wares, shoes, and glasses. She has also been a prominent figure in pop culture, often referenced in relation to wedding fashion and appearing as herself in Gossip Girl, Ugly Betty, and Keeping Up With the Kardashians.