What happened on January 26 News and Events on This Day in History
Major News Stories on 26th January include General Franco takes Barcelona, Soviet Troops Liberate Auschwitz, India Gains Independence, Phantom of the Opera Opens on Broadway, President Clinton Denies Relations with Monica Lewinsky, Telegram Services End in USA
U.S. 1988 U.S.A. The Phantom of the Opera
26th January, 1988 : Andrew Lloyd Webber's Musical The Phantom of the Opera ( Based on the French novel Le Fantôme de l'Opéra 1909 by Gaston Leroux ) has its first performance on Broadway at the Majestic Theatre in New York and is now the longest running Broadway show in history.
U.S. 2006 U.S.A. Telegram
26th January, 2006 : Western Union announces the end of Telegram Services from 31 January 2006 the last telegram is sent the next day. The Telegram service more than any other is superceded by the use of E-Mail with the dawning of the Internet age but still exists in some form or other around the world but not as the primary force of fast communication it was at it's beginnings when the Telephone still only had limited numbers. Today when it is used it is for such things as weddings, births, funerals and graduations and even as a secure form of communication ( due to perceptions of the Internet as an insecure medium.
U.S. 2005 U.S.A. Glendale Train Crash
26th January, 2005: A Metrolink commuter train collides with a SUV abandoned on the track causing two trains to derail killing 11 and injuring 200 in Glendale, California, near Los Angeles. The orinal plan of the SUV owner was to commit suicide but he lost his nerve at the last moment he was later arrested and charged and found guilty of 11 counts of murder with "special circumstances."
Poland 1945 Poland Auschwitz
26th January, 1945: Soviet troops enter Auschwitz, Poland, freeing 7,000 starving camp survivors from the network of concentration camps revealing to the world the depth of the horrors perpetrated there.
Iran 1933 Persia Oil Concessions
26th January, 1933: Following the repudiation of oil concessions to the Anglo Persian Oil company by the Persian Government in October last year Persia has gone to the league of nations telling of British threats to Persian Sovereignty. The British government is the major shareholder in the Anglo Persian Oil Company and denies claims by Persia that they are giving back the 10% of profits agreed in the 1901 agreement between the two countries and that profits have declined due to economic circumstances.
Spain 1939 Spain Nationalists enters Barcelona
26th January, 1939 : Barcelona, the Republican capital of Spain, falls to the Nationalist forces of General Francisco Franco during the Spanish Civil War .
India 1950 India Independence
26th January, 1950 : India Formally becomes a republic no longer under British rule. The new President, Dr Rajendra Prasad, takes the oath of office. Dr Prasad was a key campaigner in the nationalist movement of Mahatma Gandhi, along with India's interim Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
Egypt 1952 Egypt Anti British Riots
Saturday 26th January, 1952 : Anti British riots in the capital of Egypt Cairo have left 17 British residents murdered or burnt to death during the trouble. King Farouk has declared martial law and A dawn to dusk curfew has been imposed and police have been given orders to shoot on sight.
U.S. 1964 U.S.A. JFK Dallas Police Officer
26th January, 1964 : A report in a newspaper dated today had revealed that the funds raised for the family of an assassination victim had reached over $700,000 dollars. The victim of this murder crime was a J.D. Tibbit, a Dallas police officer, who was believed to have been shot by the same man who was suspected to have killed John F. Kennedy.
Governor John Connally was nearly killed as well on the same day as JFK. He was admitted into the hospital in critical condition shortly after the assassination shootings took place.
On this day (January 26, 1964), Nellie Connally, Governor Connally’s wife is seen in great distress on the day of a 16-gun solute that took place at Bergstrom Air Force Base. This was the first day that she had heard a gunshot since the near-death of her husband, and had symptoms of post-traumatic stress, such as severe shivering and crying.
India 1965 India Hindi
26th January, 1965 : Hindi becomes the official language of India.
Switzerland 1968 Switzerland Avalanche
26th January, 1968 : Millions of tons of ice and wet snow tumbled rapidly down from the peaks of Swiss Alps. Casualties and damage occurred in an area of over 120 miles right in the midst of central Europe. At least 15 people had died as a result, as reported two days later, and at least 13 more people were yet to be found.
The fear as of this report was that there were actually hundreds more that were dead or missing than those confirmed. Roads and railways were blocked, and it was speculated that thousands of visitors and tourists were isolated in villages and resorts.
Czechoslovakia 1969 Czechoslovakia Student Unrest
26th January, 1969: Violence erupts after police using truncheons and tear gas to disperse crowds gathered at the foot of the Wenceslas Statue, to pay tribute to Jan Palach, the student who burned himself to death in protest at the Soviet occupation of Czechoslovakia.
U.S. 1972 U.S.A. Vietnam War
26th January, 1972 : A recap was printed in a U.S. newspaper which revealed a summary of Nixon’s Eight-Point plan to end the Vietnam War. One of the actions revealed in this recount of Nixon’s plan was that of an action proposed eight months prior to this time.
The plan presented eight months prior was a plea for the release of all prisoners of war in exchange for U.S. withdrawal from Vietnam. In addition to U.S. withdrawal, this plan also included an agreement that South Vietnam’s Nguyen would step down come time for a new election.
It was also recorded in print on this day that Nixon had dispatched Henry Kissinger, his security advisor, to Paris at least a dozen times since August 4th , 1969. The reason for these attempted contacts was to make negotiations with North Vietnam.
In one news source, a quote by Nixon revealed what Nixon has said was the original withdrawal date from Vietnam-May 31, 1971. This plan was rejected by North Vietnam at the next private meeting which had taken plan on June 26th , only less than a month later.
Instead, North Vietnam made a counter nine-point offer that insisted that the U.S. overthrow the government of North Vietnam. If North Vietnam had accepted the United State’s original eight-point plan presented by Nixon, the U.S. troops would have withdrawn within six months and Indo-China cease-fire would have taken place.
Australia 1974 Australia Cyclone Wanda
26th January, 1974 : Following unusualy high amounts of Rainfall in Queensland Australia causing rivers to be at maximum, and when Cyclone Wanda came ashore bringing even more rain significant portions of Brisbane covered by two feet of water.
UK 1982 England Unemployment
26th January, 1982 : Unemployment in the UK has risen above three million for the first time since the 1930s.
Norway 1995 Norway Missile Launch
26th January, 1995: Unexpected missile launch was detected near Norway by Russians early-warning defense radar system. This sudden missile launch occurred must a few minutes away from Moscow.
As it turns out, the missile was launched in Spitzbergen, Norway. The purpose of this launch was to carry out scientific measurements. Norway had actually notified 35 countries including Russia of this launch, but the Russian Defense Ministry had failed to report that information to early-warning defense personnel.
U.S. 1998 U.S.A. Clinton / Lewinsky
26th January, 1998: President Bill Clinton appears on American Television and denies having "sexual relations" with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky
India 2001 India Earthquake
26th January, 2001: An earthquake that registered 7.9 on the Richter scale destroyed the city of Bhuj, India claiming the lives of 20,000 people and could be felt as far away as 1,200 miles from the epicenter.
U.S. 2005 U.S.A. Condoleezza Rice
26th January, 2005: President George W. Bush appoints Condoleezza Rice to the post of secretary of state, making her the highest ranking African-American woman ever to serve in a presidential cabinet
Iceland 2009 Iceland Banking System Collapses
26th January, 2009: All three of the Iceland's major banks collapse ( Glitnir bank, Landsbankinn and Kaupthing ) following their difficulties in refinancing their short-term debt and a run on deposits in the United Kingdom. The first signs of problems came in 2008 when Icesave the online arm of the Reykjavik-based Landsbankian that attracted deposits from thousands of British and Dutch consumers collapsed. The Collapse forces the Prime Minister to Resign and the new Prime Minister Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir is appointed on February 1st
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France 2010 France France’s partial ban on the burqa
26th January, 2010: A French parliamentary committee's report on a partial ban of the burqa, or
full Islamic veil, has been made public. The report
proposes to ban the burqa from public schools, hospitals, government offices
and transport systems. It said that the veil was
an affront to French values: 'The wearing of the full veil is a challenge to
our republic. This is unacceptable.' President Sarkozy
had already said that the veil was 'not welcome in France' and was a symbol
of the 'subservience of women.' The public agree
that it is not in line with the French Republic’s core value of equality.
Japan 2011 Japan Toyota Recalls 1,700,000 Cars
26th January, 2011 : Nearly two million cars are recalled by the Japanese
carmaker Toyota. The recall was initiated after reports that cracks may
develop on fuel pipes leading to fuel leaks. Toyota recalled nearly twelve
million cars in less than two years, tarnishing its reputation, especially in
the United States.
26th January, 2013 : Former Prime Minister of the Czech Republic, Milos Zeman won the Presidential election in the country. The vote was decided by direct popular vote for the first time in the country.
Celebrating Birthday's TodayWayne GretzkyBorn: 26th January 1961 Brantford, Ontario, CAN Known For : Wayne Gretzky is a retired professional ice hockey player who is often referred to as the greatest player of all time" who has a large number of trophies and records to his name. History of Ice Hockey
Paul Newman Born: 26th January 1925
Shaker Heights, Ohio, U.S. Died: 26th September 2008
Westport, Connecticut, U.S. Known For : American actor who won so many awards during his career that we can not list them all but do include Academy Award, 3 Golden Globe Awards, a BAFTA Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award and many many more. His best known movies included The Hustler, The Sting, The Color of Money, Cool Hand Luke, The Towering Inferno, The Verdict and Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid. He was successful in most things he turned his hand to including Newman's Own salad dressing company , and his own race team who won several championships in open wheel IndyCar racing.