What happened on January 23 News and Events on This Day in History
Major News Stories on 23rd January include First Insulin Injection Used, USA 20th and 24th Amendments Ratified, Poll Tax Becomes Illegal in USA, President Nixon Announces Peace with Honor in Vietnam, TV Mini-Series Roots Airs, Madeleine Albright Becomes USA First Female Secretary of State
1936Scotland The Queen Mary
23rd January, 1936: The Cunard ocean liner The Queen Mary is nearing completion on Clydebank in Scotland, and will begin sea trials within 10 weeks, she is scheduled for the Transatlantic trips between Southampton and New York and many details are appearing which confirm she will a success before she even starts her transatlantic sailings with the first passage on May 27th oversubscribed by 4 times already, she will be capable of 32 knots which is faster than any other passenger vehicle afloat and will be the biggest passenger ship afloat with a crew of 1200 and carrying 2200 passengers. Due to the government providing a loan of 10 million for 2 ships it is believed before The Queen Mary even starts her transatlantic runs a second even larger ship will be in production which between them will provide a weekly service across the Atlantic.
U.S. 1977 U.S.A. Roots TV Mini Series
23rd January, 1977 : The Alex Haley book "Roots" is turned into a TV Mini Series of 8 episodes and the first episode is shown on 23rd January and the last episode shown on 30th January. The mini series made history when it won 9 Emmys, a Golden Globe, and a Peabody Award.
U.S. 1964 U.S.A. Poll Tax
23rd January, 1964: The Poll Tax became illegal in all US states it had been a potent prerequisite, and sometimes outright barrier, to voting in national elections, and used as a blunt tool for barring poverty-stricken African-Americans and whites from participating in the electoral process.
U.S. 1912 U.S.A. Exhaust Horn
23rd January, 1912: A new type of horn was created and patented on this day. This horn is called the “exhaust horn” which is a tail pipe shaped like a pipe organ that plays musical notes. This particular exhaust pipe was created by the Aermore Manufacturing Company.
Canada 1922 Canada Insulin First Used
23rd January, 1922: The first injection of Insulin ( called isletin originally ) on Leonard Thompson, a 14-year-old diabetic who lay dying at the Toronto General Hospital on 11th January 1922 caused a severe allergic reaction. For the next 12 days the biochemist James Collip worked to improve and purify the ox-pancreas extract and on the second injection bought the boy out of his coma and was a complete success.
U.S. 1929 U.S.A. Boxing
23rd January, 1929: Four boxers were given an ultimatum on this day. They were urged to fight a suitable contender within 60 days or give up their titles. They were all given championship status in their fighting categories (heavy, middle, and light weight).
U.S. 1933 U.S.A. 20th Amendment To The Constitution
23rd January, 1933: The 20th Amendment to the US Constitution Is Ratified which establishes the beginning and ending of the terms of the elected federal officials. Available as a downloadable image on our Public Domain Images Page
U.S. 1937 U.S.A. Franklin D. Roosevelt
23rd January, 1937: Franklin D. Roosevelt was a baseball fan most of his life (among other things). Therefore, he wrote a letter with enthusiasm to the Baseball Writer’s Association, which was to be read at a dinner sponsored by this organization.
The letter that Roosevelt had sent was addressed to James Dawson. The purpose of it was to compliment the sports’ writers who had worked hard at that time to stir sportsmanship and enthusiasm in America.
In fact, Baseball was considered one of the forms of escape after the bout of the Great Depression. This was one sport that could be enjoyed despite economic woes.
U.S. 1943 U.S.A. Louis Jordan and His Timpany Five
23rd January, 1943: Louis Jordan and His Timpany Five take the song “What’s the Use of Getting Sober (When You Gonna Get Drunk Again)” to the top chart spot. It only stays there for one week.
UK 1955 UK Rail Crash
23rd January, 1955: An express train travelling from York to Bristol derails and overturns at Sutton Coldfield station killing 14 and injuring many more.
U.S. 1958 U.S.A. United Auto Workers
23rd January, 1958: The United Auto Workers (UAW) were prepared to vote on a new profit-sharing plan. This particular proposal was made by Walter P. Reuther. If this new profit-sharing plan were to take affect, workers would receive 25% of any profits over 10 percent above what companies make (net capital before taxes).
Brazil 1961 Brazil Santa Maria Hijacking
23rd January, 1961 : Luxury Portuguese cruise liner Santa Maria is hijacked by a terrorists leftist rebel group who had boarded in Venezuela and Curacao led by Henrique Galvão. The terrorists took control of the ship after killing 1 crew member and injuring others. When they had control they cut off all communication to the outside world. They then sailed the ship to Brazil and 11 days after hijacking the ship agreed to release the ship, passengers and crew in exchange for political asylum in Brazil.
U.S. 1964 U.S.A. 24th Amendment To The Constitution
23rd January, 1964 : The 24th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States is Ratified which removed the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax. Available as a downloadable image on our Public Domain Images Page
U.S. 1968 U.S.A. Pueblo
23rd January, 1968 : The U.S. ship Pueblo is seized by North Korean naval vessels and charged with spying and violating North Korean territorial waters, the ship is a US intelligence gathering ship
U.S. 1968 U.S.A. Community College
23rd January, 1968: The proposal to create a local community college system with in the Midwest City and Tulsa area was approved. This approval was made by the State Regents for Higher Education organization. However plans would be put on hold until communities are allowed to issue bonds for the establishment of these schools.
U.S. 1972 U.S.A. Science
23rd January, 1972: A small organization called the National Science Foundation has given East Central State College a substantial amount of money for technological improvements. Most of the $9,745 given to finance the broadened use of a machine called the Technician Auto Analyzer.
The Technician Auto Analyzer was to be used (and has already been used) to assist students studying in the medical field as well as students taking classes in water chemical analysis.
U.S. 1973 U.S.A. Vietnam Peace With Honour
23rd January, 1973: US president, Richard Nixon, appears on national television to announce "peace with honour" in Vietnam.
Sweden 1978 Sweden Aerosol Sprays Banned
23rd January, 1978: Sweden becomes the first nation in the world to ban aerosol sprays using Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) as the propellant, believed to be damaging to earth's ozone layer
U.S. 1986 U.S.A. Rock 'n' Roll Hall of Fame
23rd January, 1986 : The first ten musicians are inducted into Rock 'n' Roll Hall of Fame including James Brown, Elvis Presley, Ray Charles, Buddy Holly, Chuck Berry, Sam Cooke, Fats Domino, the Everly Brothers, Jerry Lee Lewis and Little Richard.
Russia 1989 Tajikistan Earthquake
23rd January, 1989 : Hundreds feared dead after a 6.0 earthquake on the richter scaqle strikes the Soviet Central Asian republic of Tajikistan.
U.S. 1993 U.S.A. Thomas Gorsey
23rd January, 1993: Thomas Gorsey, a highly influential gospel singer, had passed away on this day. He was the son of a Baptist minister and minister’s wife.
He had achieved quite a bit of recognition in his lifetime. For one, he was considered to be the “Father of Gospel Music”. He had written over a thousand gospel songs in his lifetime.
U.S. 1997 U.S.A. Madeline Albright
23rd January, 1997: Madeline Albright, America’s first female Secretary of State was sworn in on this day. Al Gore had done the honors of officiating her first day of service in one of the highest positions of authority given in the U.S.
Madeline Albright was originally from Czechoslovakia. However, she and her family fled from the communist power that ruled that nation and came to America in 1948. She then studied law at Columbia University and where she received her P.h.D.
Before she became Secretary of State, she was given the title of permanent representative to the United Nations. She had received this title by President Bill Clinton.
China 2001 China Protesters Tiananmen Square
23rd January, 2001 : Five protesters set themselves on fire by pouring gasoline on themselves and setting light to themselves in Tiananmen Square recorded by CNN camera men ( Tapes are confiscated ) and Police with fire-extinguishers quickly put out the flames. The chinese media used the protesters as examples to discredit the practice of Falun Gong which is frowned on by the Chinese government. Falun Gong has denied any involvement in the incident.
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Iraq 2010 Iraq Joe Biden visits Iraq
23rd January, 2010 : Joe Biden is been holding talks in Iraq to defuse a political crisis over candidates
for March's general elections. More than five
hundred of them have been banned so far, with many on suspicion of loyalty to
the dissolved Baath Party. The dispute has
been causing bitter recriminations between Iraqi politicians. Many Sunnis are
upset, and are saying that their community is
being marginalised, while many Shi'tes oppose the rehabilitated Baathists and
any U.S. interference. Biden met the U.N.
Secretary General's representative for Iraq for a working breakfast, before
holding talks with the Prime Minister, Nouri Maliki.
Scotland2011 Scotland Western Scotland Hit by Earthquake
23rd January, 2011 : A magnitude 3.5 earthquake hit the Scotland’s
Western town of Glenuig. The earthquake was felt up to seventy miles
away from the center, but did very little damage to the surrounding area.
Antarctica 2012 Antarctica British Woman Crosses Antarctica Solo
23rd January, 2012 : Felicity Aston became the first woman to complete a solo crossing of Antarctica after skiing for 1,084 miles over 59 days. The thirty-three year old celebrated the accomplishment by herself as the weather did not permit a plane to safely collect her from the Hercules Inlet right away.
Poland 2013 Poland Cardinal Glemp Dies
23rd January, 2013 : Head of the Roman Catholic Church in Poland for over twenty years, Cardinal Jozef Glemp died at the age of eighty-three. Glemp had overseen many crucial moments in the country while heading the church but had resigned in 2004 after being diagnosed with lung cancer.
Celebrating Birthday's Today Chesley Sullenberger Born: 23rd January 1919 Denison, Texas, U.S. Known For : Chesley Sullenberger is best known for an emergency ditching of US Airways Flight 1549 after hitting a large flock of birds, disabling both engines in the Hudson River in January 2009 and saving the lives of all 155 people on the aircraft. What made him a hero was his calm during the crisis working together with his co-pilot to make a well informed decision ensuring the safety of all on board. The video below is the recording between Air Traffic Control and Chesley Sullenberger giving an indication of the professional job done by all concerned.
US Airways Flight 1549 Actual Recording Between Air Traffic Control and Chesley Sullenberger