What happened on January 13 News and Events on This Day in History
Major News Stories on 13th January include Wham-O Starts Producing the Frisbee, Johnny Cash Performs at Folsom Prison, Iran Continues Nuclear Program with Sanctions, Costa Concordia Cruise Ship Runs Aground
1968 U.S.A. Johnny Cash at Folsom Prison
13th January, 1968 : Johnny Cash performs live for the second time at Folsom Prison in the prison cafeteria which was recorded as the album Johnny Cash at At Folsom Prison.
U.S. 1957 U.S.A. Wham-O Company Begins Making the Pluto Platter / Frisbee
13th January, 1957 : Wham-O begins begins production of the Pluto Platters ( Changed Name to "Frisbee" in June 57 ). following the name change sales rocketed as the Frisbee took off as a sport rather than the original marketing as a toy.
1929 U.S.A. Wyatt Earp
13th January, 1929 : Wyatt Earp dies in Los Angeles at the age of 80 best known for the famous gunfight at the O.K. Corral.
1991 Lithuania Soviet Crackdown
13th January, 1991 : The Soviet Union has cracked down on it's latest area in the Baltic republic looking for independence. Members of the Government supported independence and encouraged it, but Moscow sent troops to take control of the Television and Radio Centrex where 1,000 protesters had gathered to protect them. Soldiers then smashed through the glass windows of the station and overwhelmed defenders armed with sticks. The Soviet military then proceeded to take control of Government buildings. During the Soviet crackdown 14 civilians were killed and condemnation came from around the world on attacking a peaceful and democratically elected government. Later in the year in September the Baltic states of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia did gain full independence from the Soviet Union and were admitted into the United Nations.
Italy 1915 Italy Earthquake
13th January, 1915: A massive earthquake that extended 300 miles across Italy killed many thousands. The town of Avezzano, which has a population of about 12,000, is completely destroyed.
U.S. 1925 U.S.A. Child Labor Laws
13th January, 1925 : Efforts were being made to improve working conditions. One of those was to create guidelines for child labor. Many people fought against the practice of overworking children in factories, fields, and so on. However, U.S. District Judge G.W. Mc Clintic had expressed a new concern. He had spoken out about child idleness, as in relation to the passing of the child labor amendment to the constitution.
U.S. 1927 U.S.A. Communist Crackdown
13th January, 1927 : Communist documents were presented in Washington, to Secretary Kellogg. This papers had on it records of various quotations made by Soviet leaders as well as Mexicans and Americans. Apparently, the claim was that Latin America and Mexico are to be used as bases for an attack on the “imperialistic” United States. The document presented to Kellogg was brought to the Senate, as it was holding a foreign relations committee meeting regarding dealings in Nicaragua.
Australia 1939 Australia Bush Fires Claims 70 Lives
13th January, 1939 : Bush Fires covering more than 4,942,000 acres in Victoria, Australia destroys more than 1,000 homes and leaves towns entirely destroyed, the bush fires known as ( Black Friday fires ) claims over 70 Lives during what is thought to be the worst natural bush fires (wildfires) in the world
U.S. 1941 U.S.A. Glenn Miller Band
13th January, 1941 : The four Modernaires joins the iconic Glenn Miller Band on a permanent basis. The four singers - Hal Dickinson, Chuck Goldstein, Bill conway and Ralph Brewster - enjoy many years of success as part of the band and as a separate group as well.
U.S. 1942 U.S.A. Plastic Car
13th January, 1942 : Wartime material shortages forced manufacturers to become very creative. Therefore, Ford Motor Company-one of the first leading manufacturers of mass-produced vehicles had registered for a patent on a plastic car. This was the date that the patent became official. The plastic that was used to make this particular model of car was derived from the soybean plant.
UK 1942 Great Britain War Crimes
13th January, 1942 : Representatives from nine German occupied countries meet in London to declare that all those found guilty of war crimes would be punished after the war ended,. Knowledge of German atrocities occurring in Poland and Russia where butchering of innocents including Jews, political dissidents, and clergy was taking place. At the end of the war a court was set up to try those who had committed the atrocities.
UN 1950 United Nations Soviet Storms Out Of UN
13th January, 1950 : Soviet UN representative Jacob Malik stormed out of A Security Council meeting all in a “huff” on this day. He was angry that his proposal to expel the Nationalist Chinese representative was defeated. This is the second time in a week that Malik had left a meeting mad. The reason he was angry was because he felt that the communist People’s Republic of China is the true Chinese government, therefore the PRC is the government that should be represented, and not the one of Nationalist China.
India 1964 India Religious Violence
13th January, 1964 : Religious violence involving anti-Muslim rioting in the Indian city of Calcutta has left 100 dead, 438 injured and 7000 arrests with a 24 hour curfew in many areas of the city following arson and looting against Muslims causing 70,000 Muslims to flee their homes and businesses in the city .
U.S. 1973 U.S.A. Women's Rights
13th January, 1973 : A female West Virginia University student had filed a discrimination complaint through the West Virginia Human Rights Division. The reason for the complaint was that this female student was denied resident tuition prices because her husband was attending an out-of-state school.
The case was yet to be decided, but it appeared as of this date it was a good chance that it would be ruled that this woman was discriminated against. This is the second case like this that was filed within a few months.
U.S. 1974 U.S.A. George Orwell
13th January, 1974 : A commentary on George Orwell’s Novel 1984 was printed in a local West Virginia newspaper by a real life predictive theorist who saw quite a bit of truth that has derived from this novel.
George Orwell’s novel 1984 was published in 1948-a few years after World War II ended. It is considered a political science-fiction work, and contains quite a bit of references to economic ruin, dominating individuals by the power of a state, and the destruction of the world.
U.S. 1982 U.S.A. Aircraft Crash
13th January, 1982 : In Washington D.C., a Boeing 727 aircraft had crashed into the Potomac River, just two miles from the White House. In the process, 78 people were killed. This crash was caused by bad weather.
Ethiopia 1985 Ethiopia Train Crash
13th January, 1985 : A train full of passengers crashes into a ravine with no warning in Ethiopia killing nearly all passengers and crew on board ( Over 400 )
1993 Iraq Allied Bombing
13th January, 1993 : American, British and French bombers have carried out a series of bombing raids over southern Iraq because Iraqis have repeatedly breached the "no-fly zone" set up after the Gulf War .
Peru 1997 Peru Hostages in Embassy
13th January, 1997 : Left wing guerrillas who have been holding 72 hostages in the Japanese embassy in Lima, Peru started firing at security forces surrounding the embassy claiming the security forces had broken an agreement that they would stay at least 100 meters from the compound. ( Three months later government forces did storm the building killing all 14 Tupac Amaru guerrillas, and saving 71 of the 72 hostages that had been held ) .
2001 Salvador Earthquake
13th January, 2001 : A major earthquake measuring 7.6 on the Richter scale has struck the south American city of San Salvador leaving over 1,000 dead .
2006 Iran Nuclear Program Will Continue Despite Sanctions
13th January, 2006 : Iran's President Ahmadinejad has said Iran will not back down over Tehran's nuclear programme following it's reopening of Isfahan and Natanz Nuclear facilities, despite the threat sanctions and referral to the UN Security Council. Around the world Western leaders are deciding how to handle the latest announcement which could lead to Iran becoming a Nuclear Power within 5 to 6 years in an area of the world where tensions run high over Israel's Nuclear Capabilities.
U.S. 2007 U.S.A. Crops Destroyed by Cold Snap
13th January, 2007 : A cold snap lasting from January 13th to January 18th hit the West Coast and froze several crops throughout California, Oregon and Washington State. Often called the Western U.S. Freeze of 2007, this weather-related disaster claimed thousands of acres of citrus crops and even caused snow to fall in parts of Southern California..
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Palestine 2009 Palestine Israel - Gaza Attacks
13th January, 2009 : The Israeli attacts and occupation of Gaza continues with 60 more targets bombed overnight, the Israeli offensive is now entering it's 3rd week and the number of bombings and the death toll in Gaza is approaching 1,000 with nearly 300 of the deaths being children. Israeli troops are now in Gaza City suburbs and are engaged in street fighting with Palestinian militants. The attacks and Israeli occupation are in retaliation for rocket and mortar attacks from Gaza on Israeli cities.
United States 2010 United States U.S. Banking Sector Interrogated By Washington
13th January, 2010 : The senior officers of the Bank of America, J.P. Morgan Chase, Morgan Stanley
and Goldman Sachs are answering
questions in Washington on the financial crisis, where they will be facing the
U.S. Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission's
(F.C.I.C.'s) examination the causes of the 2008 U.S. financial meltdown. They
have said that they underestimated the severity
of the crisis, and apologized for the mistakes that occured. In the hearing
they have faced questions over their role in it, which
ended with their being bailed out with $360 billion of taxpayer's money and
a 26-year high of unemployment. Barack Obama
is preparing to unveil a plan for recouping some of the billions in bailout
funds by imposing a fee on the banks. The bankers
themselves have defended their levels of pay and bonuses.
Germany 2011 Germany A German Tanker Capsizes on the Rhine River
13th January, 2011 : A tanker carrying a large amount of sulfuric acid
sunk on the Rhine river. Two crewmembers were rescued while two others
were missing. There were no reports of leaks from the ship.
Italy 2012 Italy Cruise Ship Costa Concordia Runs Aground
13th January, 2012 : The cruise ship, Costa Concordia, ran aground after hitting a sandbar near the Italian island of Giglio. Most of the people on the ship were able to be evacuated but seventeen people had been found dead and several more were still missing after the accident. The Captain of the ship was being investigated for endangering passengers and leaving the ship for the last person had been evacuated.
France 2013 France Paris Rally Against Gay Marriage
13th January, 2013 : Hundreds of thousands of protesters gathered to rally against gay marriage in Paris, France after President Hollande had indicated he wanted to extend rights for gay couples in the country. Sam-sex civil unions were already legal in the country.
Celebrating Birthday's Today Robert Stack Born: 13th January 1919 Los Angeles, California, U.S. Died: 14th May 2003 Beverly Hills, California, U.S. Known For : Robert Stack is best known and remembered for his role in the TV series "The Untouchables" which ran from 1959 to 1963. The series was based on the memoirs by Eliot Ness and Oscar Fraley members of the Prohibition Bureau for Chicago which were known as "The Untouchables " because although most politicians and law enforcement agencies could be bought or bribed to turn the other way "The Untouchables " could not. The series which only ran for four years but has been repeated multiple times was a success.