Important Events From This day in History February 23rd
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1954 - U.S.A. Polio Vaccines Started
1954 : The first injections of the new polio vaccine developed by Dr. Jonas Salk to a group of children from Arsenal Elementary School in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
1945 - World War II Iwo Jima US Flag raised
1945 : The US has taken over Iwo Jima four days after landing on the Japanese-held volcanic island.
23 Feb, 1920 - France To Hand Over Colonies For War Debts
1920 : On this day, a proposal was made by France to hand over colonies to the U.S. They were in the process of considering this because they needed to pay off some war debts. A map was printed in a local Oklahoma newspaper, indicating which territories the U.S. may acquire. If the French were to follow through with their offer to the U.S. at this time, the United States would own the following: The Miquelon Islands (on Newfoundland coast), West Indian Islands (Guadeloupe and Martinique), and French Guiana. Great Britain was also to receive some land for similar reasons. They would for sure receive French Somaliland (at the entrance of Red Sea) and possibly Madagascar. It was undecided which country would receive French Indo-China.
1924 - U.S.A. Abilene Christian College
1924 : Abilene Christian College in Texas was able to pay off a bonded debt, which totaled approximately 230,000 including additional debt feeds. This achievement was largely made possible by Mr. and Mrs. John D. Hardin, who had donated about $160,000. The Hardin are an elderly couple who have spend a quite a bit of their fortune aiding various non-profit and religious pursuits. A substantial percentage of their donations went to various colleges, such as the one mentioned in this entry. Many churches in dept also had received help by way of the Hardin's Family fortune. The wealth accumulated by this family used for philanthropist (non-profit, charity) pursuits at this time was earned during the time of the Electra and Burkburnett oil discoveries.
1932 - U.S.A. World Records Broken
1932 : Three world records were broken during National A.A.U. Championship games (Track and Field events). For instance, Joe Mc Cluskey broke a record when he ran a two-mile steeplechase (running obstacle course) event in only 9 minutes, 46 2/5 seconds. One of the other records was set by Mike Pecorn. He had completed the mile walk in 6 minutes, 27.25 seconds. The third record was broken by the NYU (New York University) relay team, which completed a course in 7 minutes, 29.75 seconds.
1934 - U.S.A. Kidnapping
1934 : A 14-year-old kidnapped girl (Caroline Musante) had been found on this day. She was tied to a tree, in a fashion that was very similar to when she had disappeared a year ago. Apparently she had actually been kidnapped twice, because the report said that the tree that she was found tied to on this day was similar to the one to which she was tied to last year. Last year she had been fastened to a different tree which was located a few hundred yards from the tree to which she was tied to the second time, where she was found on this day.
1937 - U.S.A. Bing Crosby
1937 : Bing Crosby does a duet with Lani McIntyre to record "Sweet Leilani" with his band. The song becomes a major hit and is featured in the movie "Waikiki Wedding." It even won an Academy Award for Best Original Song in 1937
23 Feb, 1959 - Great Britain Peace Talks Soviet Union
1959 : Harold Macmillan visits Russia for peace talks with Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev.
1964 - U.S.A. Drug Bust
1964 : In one of the largest drug busts ever the boss is identified a Mexican Ambassador to Bolivia as the mobs boss, Mexico reacted quickly by firing the Ambassador which takes away his immunity to prosecution, he is currently held on illegal trafficking of drugs and faces a lengthy jail sentence. He had been tracked by French Police working with the US enforcement agencies and it was decided the US had stiffer penalties for drug trafficking.
1966 - Syria Military Coup
1966 : A Military coup by leftist army officers overthrew the Socialist government of Syria, and closed the country's borders.
1972 - Yemen Hijackers
1972 : Palestinian hijackers who hijacked a Lufthansa jet two days ago have released the crew and surrendered at an airstrip in the Yemen.
1972 - U.S.A. Harold Breazeale
1972 : On this day, amendments of a bill supported very heavily by Representative Harold Breazeale of Pickens, South Carolina, had been rejected. The amendments proposed by Breazeale were a part of a bill voted upon by the House in Columbia, on this day. This was a bill that was intended to initiate changes in South Carolina's educational system.
1987 - Space Supernova 1987A
1987 : The light from supernova 1987A ( a gigantic exploding star ) began reaching Earth today, it is estimated that the explosion occurred some 170,000 years ago and nearly 1 million trillion miles from Earth.
23 Feb, 1991 - Iraq Allied Ground Offensive
1991 : President George H.W. Bush announced that the allied ground offensive against Iraqi forces had begun.
1997 - U.S.A. Schindler's List
1997 : For the first time ever, a movie had been shown on television without commercial interruptions. The movie the Schindler's List, a movie about the saving of the lives of Jewish factory workers in Germany, was aired on NBC on this date.
1999 - U.S.A. James Byrd Jr
1999 : A jury in Jasper, Texas, convicted the first of those accused ( John William King ) of murder in the dragging death of a black man, James Byrd Jr. John William King, found guilty of kidnapping and murder on 23rd and was sentenced to death on 25th. Shawn Allen Berry, found guilty of kidnapping and murder on 23rd sentenced to life. Lawrence Russell Brewer, was sentenced to death.
1999 - Austria Avalanche
1999 : An avalanche in the Austrian Alps buries homes and kills 25 killed in Galtur.
2004 - U.S.A. Boeing/Sikorsky RAH-66 Comanche
2004 : The Army canceled its The Boeing/Sikorsky RAH-66 Comanche helicopter program after sinking US$8 billion into it over 21 years. One of the main reasons quoted was the increased use of the growing popularity in the military of using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for reconnaissance purposes.
2006 - 4 Indicted in Stolen Human Tissue Case
2006 : The owner of a biomedical supply house has been charged, along with three other men, with having carved up corpses, and sold them on for use in transplants across the country. A Brooklyn District Attorney has said that the case was 'like something out of a cheap horror movie.' Prosecutors have said that the defendants had obtained the bodies from funeral parlors and forged death certificates, as well as organ donor consent forms. The defendants are said to have made millions of dollars from this.
2007 - Canadian Supreme Court Negates Immigration Security Certificate
2007 : The Supreme Court of Canada struck down the Canadian immigration security certificate system for failing to meet the standards of fundamental justice under the Canadian Charter of Rights. The Court found that the secretive process, which denies full access to evidence for individuals who are subject to the certificates and their lawyers, did not adequately ensure individuals an opportunity to know and meet the case against them. The Court has given the government one year to create a new law.
2007 - U.S. Gives Up Control South Korean Army
2007 : The U.S. and South Korea have reached a deal to hand full control of South Korea's military back to Seoul by 2012. The agreement ends a fifty-year pact that gave America the wartime command of South Korea's army. Under pressure in Iraq, the U.S. wanted to hand it back in 2009, but South Korea has pushed for a slower transition. The U.S. currently has 29,500 troops on the Korean peninsula and Seoul has 680,000. North Korea has more than one million troops.
2009 - U.S. Shares are Lowest for 12 Years
2009 : U.S. shares have fallen sharply with concerns about the government's latest attempts to repair bank faults. The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed down 250.9 points, or 3.41%, at 7,114.8, which is its lowest since October 1997. But shares in the banks themselves have risen sharply, with Citigroup up nearly 10% and Bank of America rising over 3%. The government has reiterated its determination to keep banks operating, but added it wanted the banks themselves need to stay in private hands.
2010 - 2/3 Population Use Mobile Phones
2010 : A new United Nations report says around 4.6 billion in total or two-thirds of the world population now own and use mobile phones.
2011 - Larry King Announces Next Move
2011 : Seventy-seven year old broadcaster, Larry King, announced plans to conduct a one-man comedy tour after retiring from his talk show on CNN. King's comedy show was set to begin in April in Connecticut and end in June in Las Vegas.
2012 - Train Crashes in Buenos Aires
2012 : Argentina experiences one of the worst train crashes it has seen in forty years. At least 50 people died as a result of the crash and over 600 others were injured after a train hit the end of a platform in Buenos Aires.
2013 - UK Loses AAA Credit Rating
2013 : Credit rating agency Moody's downgraded the United Kingdom's credit rating from AAA to Aa1. This is the first time the country's rating was downgraded since 1978
2014 - Ukraine Names Interim President
2014 : Ukraine's parliament has named Oleksandr Turchynov as the interim president of the country after former president Viktor Yanukovych was forced out of office. The country had been experiencing non-stop anti-government protests over Yanukovych's anti-European Union decisions.
Born This Day In History 23rd February
Celebrating Birthdays Today
23rd February 1940, Peter Henry Fonda, United States
Known For :
Peter Fonda is an American actor who began his career in the 1960s
, his father was the famous actor Henry Fonda and the brother of Jane Fonda. Although not a conventional leading man due to his long hair and non conformist ways in the late 60's he gained iconic status with teens around the world following his roles in The Wild Angels, The Trip and the classic Movie "Easy Rider" which he produced, co-wrote and starred in alongside Dennis Hopper. The worldwide success of the movie allowed him to pick and choose including The Hired Hand, "Dirty Mary, Crazy Larry", "Race With The Devil" and Wanda Nevada. But for those of us born in the 1950's
the movie we will always remember is "Easy Rider" and dreaming we could do the same if we were "Born To Be Wild".