1944 On June 6th 1944 the D-DAY invasion ( Operation Overlord ) starts with allied forces crossing the English Channel to land in Normandy which signaled the end of the war in Europe. Meanwhile London had the first attacks from V2 rockets , which caused further devastation to an already badly bombed city. Glenn Miller is reported missing following a plane crash and people throughout the US and UK are encouraged to grow any vegetables they can in gardens to help ease the food shortages.

How Much things cost in 1944 Average Cost of new house $3,450.00 Average wages per year $2,400.00 Cost of a gallon of Gas 15 cents Average Cost for house rent $50.00 per month Loaf of Bread 10 cents Old Spice Shaving Soap $1.00

World War II 1944

France
  • Operation Overlord, code named D-Day, commences with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy in France.
France
More Information and Timeline for the Liberation of France
1. France falls under German control in 1940 at the beginning of the war.
2. The efforts to free France from Nazi occupation begin in June of 1944 with the D-Day invasion of Normandy when Allied troops land on the beaches and start to make their way towards Paris.
3. More Allied troops land in southern France on August 15th, 1944 and make their way towards the Rhine river.
4. As the Allies make their push towards Paris, French resistance fighters begin an uprising in Paris.
5. By August 25th, 1944, the Allies and Free French forces enter Paris and by the end of the month the French government is handed over to the Free French troops.
6. Before the end of the year France is liberated from Nazi control and occupation.

U.S.
  • Allied troops attempt the largest airborne military operation with Operation Market Garden.
More Information and Timeline for Operation Market Garden
Allied troops attempt the largest airborne military operation in history (at the time) when the Battle of Arnhem (Operation Market Garden) begins on September 17th, 1944. The purpose of this operation was for Allied paratroopers to land in the Netherlands and take control of key bridges near the Rhine river from German forces. This was so that Allied troops could push through Germany and end the war much more quickly if successful.

Unfortunately, for the Allies, German troops were aware of their arrival ahead of time and had the time to organize against them and destroy many of the bridges prior to the paratroopers' landing. Some Allied forces made it to the Arnhem bridge but they were short on supplies and forced to abandon their plans, leaving Germany in control of the Rhine river at that time.

This mission was a fairly large failure for the Allies and many troops were killed and taken prisoner by the German troops.


Philippines
  • The Battle of Leyte Gulf takes place during October in the Philippines
More Information for the World War II Battle of Leyte Gulf
The Battle of Leyte Gulf takes place during the month of October in 1944. The main battle took place between October 23rd and 26th and was considered one of the largest naval battles in world history. United States, Australian, and Filipino forces began the invasion of Japanese occupied Philippines by landing in the Leyte Gulf. The Japanese suffered heavy losses to their navy and it marked their first kamikaze aerial attacks. The Allies won the battle and their victory lead to the liberation of the Philippines. This was a turning point in the war against Japan as it effectively cut off their supply route in Southeast Asia and was a devastating loss to their naval forces with many of their ships destroyed and thousands killed.

UK
  • Germany Launches the V1 rockets / Doodlebugs against London
UK
  • London is hit by a V2 rocket for the first time.
U.S.
  • The Battle of the Bulge beginning on December 16th is one of the deadliest battles in World War II with 19,000 US soldiers killed
Germany
  • The Allies assemble the largest force of Air Power used who bombed railways and other targets in Germany
Guam
  • The second Battle of Guam starts on July 21st
More Information for the World War II Second Battle of Guam
The second Battle of Guam begins on July 21st, 1944 when American troops fought Japanese troops to retake the island. Guam had been held by the United States since 1898 but it was captured by Japan on December 10th, 1941. During the battle the Japanese took heavy losses and the island was eventually secured by American forces on August 10th. After control of Guam was taken over by the United States, thousands of Japanese soldier remained, some in hiding. One soldier was found to be alive and hiding in a cave in 1972, nearly 30 years after the battle ended.

Germany
  • Assassination Attempt on Hitler Fails
UK
  • 32 British Lancaster bombers sink the mighty German battleship Tirpitz.
Poland
  • Polish Freedom Fighters fight to liberate Warsaw from German occupation ends with 18,000 soldiers killed and 150,000 civilians murdered.
Russia
  • The Siege of Leningrad is finally broken after 872 days
Poland
  • Russia and the Polish Home Army liberate Poland from Nazi occupation
Italy
  • US Forces liberate Rome and Italy
Japan
  • The US Bombs Tokyo for the first time with B-29 Super fortress bombers


What Events Happened in 1944

UK
  • In Britain the Education Act lifts the ban on women teachers marrying.
U.S.
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the only U.S. president to be elected to a fourth term.
U.S.
  • The Government gives back railroads to companies after labor disputes are settled
U.S.
  • The GI Bill of Rights is passed and signed into law by Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 22nd
U.S.
  • A 5.9 earthquake hits Central New York
U.S.
  • Meat Rationing Ended in USA
U.S.
  • TheOffice of Strategic Services (OSS) is Formed later to be changed to the the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
Argentina
  • Earthquake in San Juan, Argentina, kills 8000-10000 people




Technology


Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use ) 1944
Kidney Dialysis Netherlands by Willem Kolff
Sunscreen USA by Benjamin Green
( he was trying to invent something to protect soldiers in the Second World War from Sunburn ). He then went on to create the Coppertone Company and the rest as they say is history



Popular Culture 1944

  • Sir Henry Wood, aged 75, conducts his last Promenade Concert
  • 15yr old Anne Frank is captured by the Germans and sent to a concentration camp
  • Glenn Miller is reported missing.

Born This Year

Tim Rice November 10th
Danny DeVito November 17th
Diana Ross March 26th
George Lucas May 14th
Roger Daltrey March 1st -- Hammersmith, London, England
Steve Fossett April 22nd -- Jackson, Tennessee, U.S.
Joe Frazier January 12th -- Beaufort, South Carolina, U.S.
Gladys Knight May 28th -- Atlanta, Georgia, United States
Joe Frazier January 12th -- Beaufort, South Carolina, U.S.
Tony Orlando April 3rd -- Hell's Kitchen, New York City, New York, U.S.
Jerry Springer February 13th -- Highgate, London, England
Barry White September 12th -- Galveston, Texas, U.S.



1944 Calendar


Major World Political Leaders

Australia Prime Minister John Curtin Brazil President Getúlio Vargas Canada Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King

Germany Chancellor Adolf Hitler

Italy Prime Minister Marshal Pietro Badoglio Till 18 June
Italy Prime Minister Ivanoe Bonomi From 18 June
Japan Prime Minister Hideki Tojo Till 22 July
Japan Prime Minister Kuniaki Koiso From 22 July
Mexico President Manuel Ávila Camacho Russia / Soviet Union
General Secretary of the Central Committee Joseph Stalin South Africa Prime Minister Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt United Kingdom Prime Minister Winston Churchill

Political Elections


United States Presidential Election 1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democratic) Defeats Thomas E. Dewey (Republican)