1943 Following American involvement in the war manufacturers around the US became as efficient at producing war machines as they had been producing other goods with companies like ford and GM managing to change from cars to bombs and aircraft engines and at the same time due to the number of men overseas fighting the war using more women for manufacturing a total of 18 million women were employed. Due to shortages America sees it's first rationing. Italian and German forces surrender in North Africa as the war in Europe starts to turn the Allies way. The Glenn Miller Orchestra provided the most popular music of the time.

How Much things cost in 1943 Average Cost of new house $3,600.00 Average wages per year $2,000.00 Cost of a gallon of Gas 15 cents Average Cost for house rent $40.00 per month Bottle Coca Cola 5 cents Average Price for a new car $900.00

World War II 1943

U.S.
  • The Pentagon, considered to be the world’s largest office building is completed
  • In the United States, it is announced that shoe rationing Canned food, meat, cheese, butter and cooking oils will go into effect
Poland
  • German forces liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Krakow.
Germany
  • German Afrika Korps and Italian troops in North Africa surrender to Allied forces.
UK
  • British deception plan " The Man Who Never Was" or Operation Mincement executed.
Italy
  • Mussolini Resigns in Italy and Surrender Of Italy is announced on September 8th
Hungary
  • Budapest more than 2,000 citizens sent to Concentration Camps
U.S.
  • America takes control of Guadalcanal
Iran
  • The Allied leaders of Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union meet for the first time in Iran
UK
  • The Dambuster Raids by RAF 617 Sqdn on 17th May on German dams
Poland
  • Warsaw Jewish Ghetto Uprising against the Nazi's
Germany
  • The British and Americans bomb Hamburg on July 24th causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians.
U.S.
  • Future President Lt. John F. Kennedy's command the PT-109 is sunk by a Japanese destroyer
U.S.
  • US General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes the supreme Allied commander


What Events Happened in 1943

U.S.
  • Great Depression ends in the United States: With unemployment figures falling fast due to World War II-related employment
U.S.
  • The Works Progress Administration ( PWA ) designed to provide jobs during the Great Depression of the 1930's is ended.
U.S.
  • Thomas Jefferson Memorial in Washington D.C is Completed
U.S.
  • Due to shortages in Copper the U.S. one-cent coin is struck in steel
U.S.
  • Montana Coal and Iron Company Explosion Kills 74
India
  • Bengal, India famine leaving up to 3 million dead.
Lebanon
  • Lebanon Gains Independence From France
U.S.
  • "Pay As You Go tax" introduced in US on June 9th
U.S.
  • Car Tax Registration introduced in US
U.S.
  • The Pentagon in Washington D.C. is Completed





Popular Culture

  • The Golden Globe Awards Start

Popular Films

  • For Whom the Bell Tolls
  • Heaven Can Wait
  • Lassie Come Home
  • The Titanic 1943

Popular Music

  • Frank Sinatra
  • " In The Mood " By Glenn Miller
  • Oklahoma Musical Opens on Broadway

Born This Year

Steve Miller October 5th
Chevy Chase October 8th
Billie Jean King November 22nd
Janis Joplin January 19th
Arthur Ashe July 10th -- Richmond, Virginia, U.S.
Bobby Fischer March 9th -- Chicago, Illinois, United States
Robert De Niro August 17th -- New York City, New York, U.S.
John Denver December 31st -- Roswell, New Mexico, U.S
Charles Gibson March 9th -- Evanston, Illinois, United States
Newt Gingrich June 17th -- Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, U.S
Sharon Gless May 31st -- Los Angeles, California, U.S
George Harrison February 25th -- Wavertree, Liverpool, England
Mick Jagger July 26th -- Dartford, Kent, England
John Kerry December 11th -- Aurora, Colorado, U.S.
John Major March 29th -- Carshalton, Surrey, England
John Kerry December 11th -- Aurora, Colorado, U.S.
Jim Morrison December 8th -- Melbourne, Florida, U.S.
Oliver North October 7th -- San Antonio, Texas, U,S.
Lech Walesa September 29th -- Popowo, Poland

Technology

  • Development of the Colossus computer by British to break German encryption
  • Aqualung Frenchmen Jacques Cousteau and Emile Gagnan develop a practical solution to breath underwater the Aqualung with a breakthrough of using an air pressure regulator, because of the World War II they did not bring the Aqualung to market until 1946. ( Jacques Cousteau is best known as a renowned underwater explorer and marine conservationist. )


Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )
Aqualung France by J Cousteau and E Gagnon
Slinky USA by Richard T James


1943 Calendar


Major World Political Leaders

Australia Prime Minister John Curtin Brazil President Getúlio Vargas Canada Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King

Germany Chancellor Adolf Hitler

Italy Prime Minister Benito Mussolini Till 25 July

Italy Prime Minister Marshal Pietro Badoglio From 25 July

Japan Prime Minister Hideki Tojo
Mexico President Manuel Ávila Camacho Russia / Soviet Union
General Secretary of the Central Committee Joseph Stalin South Africa Prime Minister Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt United Kingdom Prime Minister Winston Churchill