The People History

What Happened in 1943 Important News and Events, Key Technology and Popular Culture

What happened in 1943 Major News Stories include Allied forces take back North Africa, Italy Surrenders to Allied Forces, Dambuster Raids on German dams, Warsaw Jewish Ghetto Uprising, US General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes the supreme Allied commander, British and Americans bomb Hamburg causing Firestorm, Glenn Miller Orchestra popular with many hits,

1943 Following American involvement in the war manufacturers around the US became as efficient at producing war machines as they had been producing other goods with companies like ford and GM managing to change from cars to bombs and aircraft engines and at the same time due to the number of men overseas fighting the war using more women for manufacturing a total of 18 million women were employed. Due to shortages America sees it's first rationing. Italian and German forces surrender in North Africa as the war in Europe starts to turn the Allies way. The Glenn Miller Orchestra provided the most popular music of the time.
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Cost of Living 1943

How Much things cost
Average Cost of new house $3,600.00
Average wages per year $2,000.00
Cost of a gallon of Gas 15 cents
Average Cost for house rent $40.00 per month
Bottle Coca Cola 5 cents
Average Price for a new car $900.00
Army Doctor/Nurses Kit $1.98
World War II Model Plane Kits $1.00 for five
World War II Plane Models From 23 cents
 

World War II 1943

United States

  • The Pentagon, considered to be the world's largest office building is completed
  • In the United States, it is announced that shoe rationing Canned food, meat, cheese, butter and cooking oils will go into effect
  • The United States and United Kingdom meet to discuss the future invasion of France during WWII.
  • Future President Lt. John F. Kennedy's command the PT-109 is sunk by a Japanese destroyer
  • US General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes the supreme Allied commander
More Information for the Quebec Conference
The Quebec Conference was held during August . This was the first of two secretive meetings held between the leaders of the United Kingdom and United States and their military advisors, held in Quebec, Canada. During the meeting, code named "Quadrant," Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Franklin D. Roosevelt met in Quebec to discuss and coordinate plans for the invasions of France and Italy.



Other World War II 1943

Italy -- Allies Invade the Mainland

1. Allied forces invade mainland Italy in September 3rd.
2. The Italian government surrendered quickly as they had already been negotiating terms of surrender since July when the Italian dictator Benito Mussolini was overthrown.
3. Italy declared war on Germany in the following month and agreed to help the Allies liberate the country from German occupation in return for leniency.
4. Despite the quick surrender, liberating Italy from Nazi Germany was a long and arduous affair as German troops freed Mussolini and installed him as a puppet leader, establishing a new government in the north.
5. Rome was liberated in June 4th 1944.
6. Germany did not completely surrender in Italy until May 2nd 1945 just before the end of World War II in Europe.

 

  • German forces liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Krakow.
  • German Afrika Korps and Italian troops in North Africa surrender to Allied forces.
  • British deception plan " The Man Who Never Was" or Operation Mincement executed.
  • Mussolini Resigns in Italy and Surrender Of Italy is announced on September 8th
  • Budapest more than 2,000 citizens sent to Concentration Camps
  • America takes control of Guadalcanal
  • The Allied leaders of Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union meet for the first time in Iran
  • The Dambuster Raids by RAF 617 Sqdn on 17th May on German dams
  • Warsaw Jewish Ghetto Uprising against the Nazi's
  • The British and Americans bomb Hamburg on July 24th causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians.
 

The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League is created

  • The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League is created
More Information for the AAGPBL.
The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League (AAGPBL) was created during May by Chicago Cubs owner Philip K. Wrigley. The purpose of the league was to try to fill empty baseball stadiums and provide entertainment during World War II. The AAGPBL had its spring training at Wrigley Field where female players were chosen for the four original teams and signed to professional contracts. There were fifteen players chosen to fill each team, the Racine Belles, Kenosha Comets, Rockford Peaches, and South Bend Blue Sox. The AAGPBL was popular and expanded during the rest of the decade but was dissolved in 1954 as interest waned. The popular 1992 film "A League of Their Own" was based on the early years of the AAGPBL.
 


United States -- Pentagon Building Completed

1. The building was designed by architect George Bergstrom.
2. Construction began in September of 1941 and was overseen by Leslie Groves (who also headed the Manhattan Project).
3. The building was needed for the growing War Department under FDR in World War II and cost about $83 million to create.
4. It was completed in 16 months.
5. Construction on the Pentagon government building was finished during January .
6. Spanning over 29 acres in Virginia, it has 5 sides, 5 above ground floors, 2 basement floors, a center courtyard.
7. It is one of the largest office buildings in the world, with over 20,000 workers.
8. Despite its size, it is possible to walk across one side to the other in about 10 minutes.

 

India -- Famine in Bengal

1. As a result of several failures and neglectfulness by British leaders, a massive famine hit India during 1943 throughout the entire year.
2. Known as the Bengal Famine, due to the worst of it being centered in the Bengal region of India, the death toll was estimated to range between 1 and 3 million people, possibly even more. India, at the time, was still under the control of the United Kingdom and was a British colony.
3. Leading up to the famine there were increased exports of rice due to World War II and the British worried that Japan would invade the region, as they were occupying nearby Burma, so local authorities were confiscating and destroying stores of rice in case of an invasion. Miscalculations like this, and the fact that there were some natural disasters, food hoarding, and farming irregularities contributed to the worsening famine.
4. The British Prime Minister was Winston Churchill who made it clear that he was more focused on the British war effort during World War II and was seen to be ignoring the crisis in India. Churchill and England prioritized maintaining food stores and stockpiles in Britain and Europe and the War Cabinet turned down several offers by the United States, Canada, and Australia to help bring food to the country.
5. By October of that year the military took over the relief effort and it started to work more efficiently and by November, the first shipments of barley and wheat began to arrive.
6. While the British relief effort worked to stop the famine by 1944, Churchill’s lack of interest and several bad policies exacerbated the situation, prolonging the famine.


 


Calendar For The Year 1943

1943 Calendar

 


 Back In Time Gifts

Other News

  • Great Depression ends in the United States: With unemployment figures falling fast due to World War II-related employment
  • The Works Progress Administration ( PWA ) designed to provide jobs during the Great Depression of the 1930's's is ended.
  • Thomas Jefferson Memorial in Washington D.C is Completed
  • Due to shortages in Copper the U.S. one-cent coin is struck in steel
  • Montana Coal and Iron Company Explosion Kills 74
  • Bengal, India famine leaving up to 3 million dead.
  • Lebanon Gains Independence From France
  • "Pay As You Go tax" introduced in US on June 9th
  • Car Tax Registration introduced in US
  • The Pentagon in Washington D.C. is Completed

 


Popular Culture

Popular Films

  • The Golden Globe Awards Start

Popular Films

  • For Whom the Bell Tolls
  • Heaven Can Wait
  • Lassie Come Home
  • The Titanic

Popular Music

  • Frank Sinatra
  • " In The Mood " By Glenn Miller
  • Oklahoma Musical Opens on Broadway
 

Born This Year

Steve Miller October 5th
Chevy Chase October 8th
Billie Jean King November 22nd
Janis Joplin January 19th
Arthur Ashe July 10th -- Richmond, Virginia, U.S.
Bobby Fischer March 9th -- Chicago, Illinois, United States
Robert De Niro August 17th -- New York City, New York, U.S.
John Denver December 31st -- Roswell, New Mexico, U.S
Charles Gibson March 9th -- Evanston, Illinois, United States
Newt Gingrich June 17th -- Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, U.S
Sharon Gless May 31st -- Los Angeles, California, U.S
George Harrison February 25th -- Wavertree, Liverpool, England
Mick Jagger July 26th -- Dartford, Kent, England
John Kerry December 11th -- Aurora, Colorado, U.S.
John Major March 29th -- Carshalton, Surrey, England
John Kerry December 11th -- Aurora, Colorado, U.S.
Jim Morrison December 8th -- Melbourne, Florida, U.S.
Oliver North October 7th -- San Antonio, Texas, U,S.
Lech Walesa September 29th -- Popowo, Poland
 

Technology

    • Development of the Colossus computer by British to break German encryption
    • Aqualung Frenchmen Jacques Cousteau and Emile Gagnan develop a practical solution to breath underwater the Aqualung with a breakthrough of using an air pressure regulator, because of the World War II they did not bring the Aqualung to market until 1946. ( Jacques Cousteau is best known as a renowned underwater explorer and marine conservationist. )


    Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )
    Aqualung France by J Cousteau and E Gagnon
    Slinky USA by Richard T James
 

Major World Political Leaders

Australia -- Prime Minister -- John Curtin --
Brazil -- President -- Getúlio Vargas --
Canada -- Prime Minister -- William Lyon Mackenzie King --
Germany -- Chancellor -- Adolf Hitler --
Italy -- Prime Minister -- Benito Mussolini -- Till 25 July
Italy -- Prime Minister -- Marshal Pietro Badoglio -- From 25 July
Japan -- Prime Minister -- Hideki Tojo --
Mexico -- President -- Manuel Ávila Camacho --
Russia / Soviet Union -- General Secretary of the Central Committee -- Joseph Stalin --
South Africa -- Prime Minister -- Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts --
United States -- President -- Franklin D. Roosevelt --
United Kingdom -- Prime Minister -- Winston Churchill --