|Cost Of Living||Popular Culture||World War II||Other Events||Technology||Born This Year||World Leaders||1943 Calendar|
World War II 1943U.S.
- The Pentagon, considered to be the world’s largest office building is completed
- In the United States, it is announced that shoe rationing Canned food, meat, cheese, butter and cooking oils will go into effect
- The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League is created.
The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League (AAGPBL) was created during May of 1943 by Chicago Cubs owner Philip K. Wrigley. The purpose of the league was to try to fill empty baseball stadiums and provide entertainment during World War II. The AAGPBL had its spring training at Wrigley Field where female players were chosen for the four original teams and signed to professional contracts. There were fifteen players chosen to fill each team, the Racine Belles, Kenosha Comets, Rockford Peaches, and South Bend Blue Sox. The AAGPBL was popular and expanded during the rest of the decade but was dissolved in 1954 as interest waned. The popular 1992 film “A League of Their Own” was based on the early years of the AAGPBL.
- The Allied forces invade Italy during July of 1943.
The Allied Forces begin their invasion of Axis-controlled Europe during July of 1943 when they landed troops in Sicily in what was called “Operation Husky.” United States, British, and Canadian troops landed on the island off the Southern coast of Italy and the demoralized Italian troops put up weak resistance to the invasion of Sicily, allowing about 150,000 Allied forces to enter the island within three days. Support for Italian dictator Benito Mussolini had waned earlier in the year and as the Allies advanced towards the mainland, Mussolini was overthrown and imprisoned. The new Italian government eventually surrendered and worked with the Allies to fight against German forces still in Italy and to free the rest of the country.
- The United States and United Kingdom meet to discuss the future invasion of France during WWII.
The Quebec Conference was held during August of 1943. This was the first of two secretive meetings held between the leaders of the United Kingdom and United States and their military advisors, held in Quebec, Canada. During the meeting, code named “Quadrant,” Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Franklin D. Roosevelt met in Quebec to discuss and coordinate plans for the invasions of France and Italy.
- German forces liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Krakow.
- German Afrika Korps and Italian troops in North Africa surrender to Allied forces.
- British deception plan " The Man Who Never Was" or Operation Mincement executed.
- Mussolini Resigns in Italy and Surrender Of Italy is announced on September 8th
- Budapest more than 2,000 citizens sent to Concentration Camps
- America takes control of Guadalcanal
- The Allied leaders of Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union meet for the first time in Iran
- The Dambuster Raids by RAF 617 Sqdn on 17th May on German dams
- Warsaw Jewish Ghetto Uprising against the Nazi's
- The British and Americans bomb Hamburg on July 24th causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians.
- Future President Lt. John F. Kennedy's command the PT-109 is sunk by a Japanese destroyer
- US General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes the supreme Allied commander
What Events Happened in 1943U.S.
- Great Depression ends in the United States: With unemployment figures falling fast due to World War II-related employment
- The Works Progress Administration ( PWA ) designed to provide jobs during the Great Depression of the 1930's is ended.
- Thomas Jefferson Memorial in Washington D.C is Completed
- Due to shortages in Copper the U.S. one-cent coin is struck in steel
- Montana Coal and Iron Company Explosion Kills 74
- Bengal, India famine leaving up to 3 million dead.
- Lebanon Gains Independence From France
- "Pay As You Go tax" introduced in US on June 9th
- Car Tax Registration introduced in US
- The Pentagon in Washington D.C. is Completed
- The Golden Globe Awards Start
- For Whom the Bell Tolls
- Heaven Can Wait
- Lassie Come Home
- The Titanic 1943
- Frank Sinatra
- " In The Mood " By Glenn Miller
- Oklahoma Musical Opens on Broadway
Born This YearSteve Miller October 5th
Chevy Chase October 8th
Billie Jean King November 22nd
Janis Joplin January 19th
Arthur Ashe July 10th -- Richmond, Virginia, U.S.
Bobby Fischer March 9th -- Chicago, Illinois, United States
Robert De Niro August 17th -- New York City, New York, U.S.
John Denver December 31st -- Roswell, New Mexico, U.S
Charles Gibson March 9th -- Evanston, Illinois, United States
Newt Gingrich June 17th -- Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, U.S
Sharon Gless May 31st -- Los Angeles, California, U.S
George Harrison February 25th -- Wavertree, Liverpool, England
Mick Jagger July 26th -- Dartford, Kent, England
John Kerry December 11th -- Aurora, Colorado, U.S.
John Major March 29th -- Carshalton, Surrey, England
John Kerry December 11th -- Aurora, Colorado, U.S.
Jim Morrison December 8th -- Melbourne, Florida, U.S.
Oliver North October 7th -- San Antonio, Texas, U,S.
Lech Walesa September 29th -- Popowo, Poland
- Development of the Colossus computer by British to break German encryption
- Aqualung Frenchmen Jacques Cousteau and Emile Gagnan develop a practical solution to breath underwater the Aqualung with a breakthrough of using an air pressure regulator, because of the World War II they did not bring the Aqualung to market until 1946. ( Jacques Cousteau is best known as a renowned underwater explorer and marine conservationist. )
Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )
Aqualung France by J Cousteau and E Gagnon
Slinky USA by Richard T James
Major World Political LeadersAustralia Prime Minister John Curtin Brazil President Getúlio Vargas Canada Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King
Germany Chancellor Adolf Hitler
Italy Prime Minister Benito Mussolini Till 25 July
Italy Prime Minister Marshal Pietro Badoglio From 25 July
Japan Prime Minister Hideki Tojo
Mexico President Manuel Ávila Camacho Russia / Soviet Union
General Secretary of the Central Committee Joseph Stalin South Africa Prime Minister Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt United Kingdom Prime Minister Winston Churchill