1942 Following the US entering the war , the mobilization of war efforts were quick and effective with car makers and other manufacturers changing to production of weapons of war . The war also created a new breed of movies with war themes , and one of the most popular songs of all time "White Christmas" from Bing Crosby first appeared in the movie "Holiday Inn" . The US sentiment towards Japanese following Pearl Harbor showed itself when 120,000 people of Japanese descent were sent TO internment camps. In late 1941 and early 1942 the war in the pacific was not going well with America losing Guam, Hong Kong, Wake, Singapore and the Philippines , but in late 1942 the US started to turn round the war with major offences at Midway and The Coral Sea. And meanwhile the allied forces in Europe invaded North Africa in November.

How Much things cost in 1942 Average Cost of new house $3,770.00 Average wages per year $1,880.00 Cost of a gallon of Gas 15 cents Average Cost for house rent $35.00 per month Bottle Coca Cola 5 cents Average Price for a new car $920.00

What Events Happened in 1942

U.S.
  • War Bonds introduced raising $13 billion
U.S.
  • Women's Coast Guard Auxiliary established
Bangladesh
  • Cyclone in Bengal Bangladesh kills 61,000
U.S.
  • Voice of America begins broadcasting
U.S.
  • Car Makers switch from making cars to making War Materials
U.S.
  • The Cocoanut Grove nightclub in Boston burns to the ground in the worst Night Club Fire in US history killing 492 people
UK
  • The British Government accept the findings of The Beveridge report which proposes a welfare system for Great Britain to provide services from the cradle to the grave.
World
  • 26 countries agree to create the United nations

World War II

U.S.
  • Following the United States joining the War it truly becomes a World War with most areas of the world effected in some way and choosing sides , There are so many important facts that happened in 1942 we have only a few facts and leave it to others more knowledgeable than ourselves to provide a more detailed account
U.S.
  • The minimum draft age is lowered from 21 to 18.
U.S.
  • German saboteurs who were part of Operation Pastorius are arrested and sentenced to death by a United States military commission executed on August 8th
U.S.
  • Thirty members of the Duquesne Spy Ring operating in the US are jailed for 300 years
France
  • French Admiral Jean de Laborde scuttles the French fleet anchored in Toulon harbor, in order to keep it out of German hands.
UK
  • British asked to bathe in 5 inches of water or less to help the war effort.
Egypt
  • After a lengthy period Allied troops led by Lieutenant-General Bernard Montgomery defeat the crack ( Afrika Korps commanded by Field Marshal Rommel in the second battle for El Alamein.
Singapore
  • Singapore Surrenders to the Japanese
Norway
  • Norway under German Occupation is ruled by Vidkun Quisling,
U.S.
  • The K9 corps begins training dogs for use in warfare
Philippines
  • American and Filipino defenders surrender to the Japanese and are force marched on the "Bataan Death March"
U.S.
  • In Allied countries around the world government war efforts encourage the population to help by giving scrap metal as much needed raw materials for guns and tanks
U.S.
  • Congress creates the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps ( WAAC ) and modeled after the British Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS) , during the war General Douglas MacArthur called the WACs "my best soldiers", adding that they worked harder, complained less, and were better disciplined than men. Over the next 6 months similar women's units were set up including Navy WAVES, the SPARS of the Coast Guard and the (civil) Women Airforce Service Pilots.

Other Pages From The People History

Our 1940's  Quiz Just For Fun

U.S.
  • US Gas Rationing goes into effect 3 gallons per week
Canada
  • The Alaska Highway from Alaska through Canada is completed
U.S.
  • US Munitions Workers Give Up Labor Day Weekend Holidays to Help With War Effort
U.S.
  • The Battle of Midway begins on June 4th when Japanese attacked Midway and due to US strategy was a resounding success for US Forces which resulted in the loss of 322 aircraft and 3,500 men from the Japanese Navy.
U.S.
  • Executive Order 9066 is signed into law which authorized the physical removal of all Japanese Americans into internment camps
Canada
  • Canada interns Japanese Canadians as possible security threats by evoking the War Measures Act.
Malta
  • The Mediterranean island of Malta is awarded the George Cross Medal for Bravery




Popular Culture

Popular Films

  • Road to Morocco, starring Bob Hope, Bing Crosby, and Dorothy Lamour
  • Casablanca
  • Bambi
  • Mrs. Miniver
  • Yankee Doodle Dandy
  • Holiday Inn

Popular Musicians

  • " White Christmas " Bing Crosby
  • " Deep in the heart of Texas " by Alvino Ray

Born This Year 1942

Judith Sheindlin October 21st
Anita Roddick October 23rd
Robert Pickton October 24th
Linda Evans November 18th
Joe Biden November 20th
Jimi Hendrix November 27th
Harrison Ford July 13th -- Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Michael Bloomberg February 14th -- Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Billy Connolly November 24th -- Anderston, Glasgow, Scotland
Michael Crichton October 23rd -- Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Richard M. Daley April 24th -- Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Britt Ekland October 6th -- Stockholm, Sweden
Vicente Fox July 2nd -- Guanajuato, Mexico
John Wayne Gacy March 17th -- Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Jerry Garcia August 1st -- San Francisco, California, U.S.
Stephen Hawking January 8th -- Oxford, England
Bob Hoskins October 26th -- Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, England,
Brian Jones February 28th -- Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England,
Calvin Klein November 19th -- Bronx, New York, U.S.
Paul McCartney June 18th -- Liverpool, England
Charlie Rose January 5th -- Henderson, North Carolina, U.S.
Martin Scorsese November 17th -- Queens, New York, U.S.
Barbra Streisand April 24th -- Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
Tammy Wynette May 5th -- Itawamba County, Mississippi, U.S.


Technology

  • Duck Tape The US Military using ( The Johnson and Johnson Permacel Division ) developes Duct Tape ( Duck Tape ) originally called Duck Tape by the troops because water ran off it but later adapted to Duct Tape because of it's use to provide a seal over ductworks.
  • Worlds first Nuclear Reactor Built in Chicago
  • Manhattan Project Started
  • Instant Coffee Introduced

Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )
Atomic Power USA by Enrico Fermi's team creating first self-sustaining chain reaction
Napalm USA from Harvard University
Guided Missile Germany by Werner von Braun


1942 Calendar


Major World Political Leaders

Australia Prime Minister John Curtin Brazil President Getúlio Vargas Canada Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King

Germany Chancellor Adolf Hitler

Italy Prime Minister Benito Mussolini

Japan Prime Minister Hideki Tojo
Mexico President Manuel Ávila Camacho Russia / Soviet Union
General Secretary of the Central Committee Joseph Stalin South Africa Prime Minister Field Marshal Jan Christiaan Smuts United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt United Kingdom Prime Minister Winston Churchill