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What Events Happened in 1936
- King Edward VIII abdicates to marry Wallis Simpson
1. King George V dies in January of 1936 only a year after celebrating his Silver Jubilee.
2. Edward VIII, the Prince of Wales, becomes Great Britain's ruling monarch from January to December of 1936.
3. Throughout his youth Edward had various affairs with married women. In 1930 he had fallen in love with a married woman named Wallis Simpson.
4. Simpson got divorced in 1936 and it was clear that Edward was going to marry her.
5. Wallis Simpson would not have been an appropriate Queen as she was a two-time divorcee and both of her previous husbands were still alive. When faced with the prospect of choosing the crown or love, Edward made the decision to abdicate and renounce his claim to the throne.
6. Edward ordered the Instrument of Abdication on December 10th of 1936 and it became effective on the next day. He also gave up any claim that his children might have to the throne. He had never been crowned King and he had ruled for a total of three-hundred and twenty-five days.
7. His brother Albert became King next and took the name George VI.
8. Edward married Wallis Simpson in 1937 and he became the Duke of Windsor after his abdication.
9. Edward and Wallis lived abroad for the rest of their lives in places like France and the Bahamas. He died in 1972 at the age of seventy-eight.
10. Some controversy surrounded the Duke and his political beliefs as he had made visits to Nazi Germany and had reportedly supported Hitler. Some people believe that his abdication was less for love and more to prevent a King with extreme political beliefs from taking the throne during a time of political crisis and impending war. He had also reportedly showed support for the unemployed and poor.
Jesse Owens wins 4 Gold medals on August 9th at the Summer Olympics in Berlin
1. Jesse Owens was born in September 1913.
2. Jesse Owens ties one world record and breaks five world records in May of 1935 within forty-five minutes at the Big Ten Intercollegiate Championship.
3. The 1936 Summer Olympics were held in Berlin, Germany. Germany's leader, Adolf Hitler, had hoped that the Germans would dominate the games and therefore back up his claims of racial superiority.
4. Jesse Owens, an African-American man, dominated the track and field events at the 1936 Berlin Olympics. Here is a break-down of his Olympic accomplishments in Berlin.
a. Gold Medal in the 100 meter race
b. Gold Medal in the 200 meter race
c. Gold Medal in the 4 x 100 meter race
d. Gold Medal in the long jump
e. Broke or equaled nine Olympic records
f. Broke or equaled three World records
5. Owens managed to defy Hitler's racial claims and was thought of as a hero by those at the Berlin games and abroad.
6. While Owens was hailed as a hero by the people when he returned home to the United States, he still faced prejudice and discrimination in a racially segregated country. Owens was also denied recognition by US leaders and was effectively ignored by then President Roosevelt and his successor Truman.
7. Owens ended his athletic career after the Olympics in 1936. He died at the age of eighty from lung cancer.
- BBC starts the first public Television broadcasts in London
1. The British Broadcasting Company is formed and the BBC begins to broadcast a regular daily radio service across the United Kingdom in 1922.
2. The British Broadcasting Company Ltd. is closed at the end of the year in 1926. Starting in 1927, the British Broadcasting Corporation is formed by Royal Charter.
3. The first television broadcasts were made by John Logie Baird using BBC transmitters and frequencies starting in 1929.
4. Simultaneous picture and sound television broadcasts began in 1930 with the opening of a second BBC radio transmitter.
5. By 1932, the BBC took over the responsibility of making television programs from Baird after they built a television studio.
6. Daily television transmissions continued until 1935 using Baird's system.
7. In 1936, the BBC begins the world's first regular "high-definition" television service in November, replacing Baird's system.
- The Rural Electrification Act becomes law, bringing electricity to the more remote parts of the country.
The Rural Electrification Act was passed by Congress and signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt during May of 1936. The law provided low-cost loans to rural farmers to help them create cooperative electric power companies. The cooperatives would then bring electricity into homes in the rural regions of the United States. While electricity was quite common in U.S. cities during this time, much of rural America did not have access to it yet. Lawmakers believed that by bringing it to less densely populated areas the people living there would have an improved quality of life. The act revolutionized rural America by bringing more of the country into the modern world and equalizing the opportunities of urban and rural communities.
- Following the depression worldwide dictatorships are established in Mexico, Bulgaria and Peru
- Mussolini announces the official foundation of the New Roman Empire following the capture of Addis Ababa
- On July 18th The Spanish Civil War begins
- Germany Breaks Treaty of Versailles
- ( Boulder Dam )Hoover Dam finished and begins creating hydroelectric power
- Cunard Ocean liner The Queen Mary begins Atlantic crossings
- The LZ 129 Hindenburg a German zeppelin is completed and takes it's Maiden Flight In Germany
The German airship “The Hindenburg” had its first public flight during March of 1936. It was launched from Friedrichshafen, Germany and the inaugural flight was used as a propaganda tool by Nazi Germany. The Hindenburg airship toured around Germany with the Graf Zeppelin airship for several days dropping leaflets asking the public to support the German occupation of the Rhineland, a violation of the Treaty of Versailles. The Hindenburg then became a commercial airship that was used to ferry passengers between the United States and Germany until it was famously destroyed when it burst into flames while attempting to land in New Jersey in 1937.
- The Spanish Civil War begins and Francisco Franco is named the Head of State.
General Francisco Franco was named the Head of State in Spain for the Nationalist government during October of 1936. The Spanish Civil War had started in July of 1936 when the rebel Nationalists, headed by Franco, began an armed uprising against the Republican government. The civil war continued for more than two years and Franco did not defeat the Republicans until March of 1939 when the Nationalists took Madrid and the civil war ended. General Francisco Franco continued to hold his position as the dictator of Spain until his death in 1975.
- Aviator Beryl Markham becomes the first woman to complete a non-stop transatlantic flight from East to West.
Aviator Beryl Markham becomes the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean from East to West during September of 1936. Markham was born in Britain but lived most of her life in Kenya. As a young woman she earned her pilot’s license and worked as a commercial pilot. In 1936 Markham set out from England in her Vega Gull plane on what would become the first non-stop solo transatlantic crossing from East to West by a female pilot and the first transatlantic crossing from East to West to leave from England. She flew for over twenty hours and was forced to stop at Cape Breton Island in Canada due to low fuel just short of her original intended destination in New York.
- The British Air Ministry orders 310 Spitfire Fighter aircraft
- The book Gone With The Wind is Published on June 30th.
In June of 1936, Margaret Mitchell’s epic novel “Gone With the Wind” is published in the United States. The book focused on the life of fictional Southern belle “Scarlett O’Hara” in Atlanta prior to the outbreak of the Civil War, during the war, and during reconstruction. The book soon became one of the best-selling novels in history, winning the Pulitzer Prize in 1937. Mitchell also faced criticism over her glorified portrayal of the Civil War and slave-owners in the South. By 1939 it had been made into a very popular, Academy award-winning, classic American movie.
- The first "The Phantom" comic strip is published.
“The Phantom” comic strip is published for the first time as a daily newspaper comic strip during February of 1936. Created by Lee Falk, the Phantom is considered a seminal character in the development of modern superhero characters. The Phantom is believed to be the first comic hero to wear a form-fitting costume with a mask that hides the hero’s pupils, both standard features of many modern hero characters. Falk wrote the comic up until his death in 1999 when it was taken over by several other writers. The story revolved around the “Phantom” who was a mysterious hero that dedicated himself to fighting injustice in the fictional African country of “Bangalla.” The comic is still being created today and over 2,000 issues have been published.
- Killer Tornadoes strike Tupelo, Mississippi and Gainesville, Georgia.
The Tupelo-Gainesville tornado outbreak occurs during April of 1936 when several strong tornadoes spawned throughout the southern United States over four days. About seventeen tornadoes struck Arkansas, Kentucky, Alabama, South Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, and Mississippi, with Tupelo, MS and Gainesville, GA being hit by some of the strongest storms. The series of tornadoes devastated the region with over 450 total deaths and with estimates of up to 3,500 people injured. The cost of the damage was thought to be in the millions of dollars and the severity of the situation encouraged the country to develop more sophisticated tornado warning systems in the following years.
- President Roosevelt is re-elected for a second term
- The Crystal Palace Is Destroyed By Fire on November 30th
- Killer Tornadoes strike Tupelo, Mississippi and Gainesville, Georgia
- A new faster flying boat service starts between America and Britain
- Japanese Marines take control of the Shanghai district of China
- Chiang Kai-Shek declares war on Japan
- The Queen Mary leaves Southampton on her maiden voyage over the Atlantic
- The Tasmanian Tiger or Tasmanian Wolf became extinct
- The Winter Olympic Games are held in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
Inventions Invented by Inventors and Country ( or attributed to First Use )
- Sunscreen Eugene Schueller a French Chemist invents the first Sunscreen, Eugene Schueller went on to founder the L'Oreal Line of Cosmetics.
Magnetic Recording USA audio tapes
Zippo Lighter USA Zippo Manufacturing
- The book Gone With The Wind is Published on June 30th
- Billboard Magazine publishes the first pop music chart
- The Alamo
- The Great Ziegfeld
- The Charge of the Light Brigade
- Follow the Fleet, starring Fred Astaire and Ginger Rogers
Born This YearJim Henson September 24th
Winnie Mandela September 26th
David Carradine December 8th
Ursula Andress March 19th
Alan Alda Janaury 28th -- Bronx, New York, United States
Glen Campbell April 22nd -- Billstown, Arkansas, U.S.
Charlie Daniels October 28th -- Wilmington, North Carolina, U.S.
Engelbert Humperdinck May 2nd -- Madras, India
Glenda Jackson May 2nd -- Birkenhead, Wirral, England
F. W. de Klerk March 18th -- Johannesburg, South Africa
Kris Kristofferson June 22nd -- Brownsville, Texas, U.S.
Michael Landon October 31st -- Forest Hills, Queens, New York, U.S.
John McCain August 29th -- Panama Canal Zone, Panama
Mary Tyler Moore December 29th -- Brooklyn, New York, U.S.
Roy Orbison April 23rd -- Vernon, Texas, U.S.
Robert Redford August 18th -- Santa Monica, California, U.S.
Burt Reynolds February 11th -- Lansing, Michigan, U.S.
Yves Saint Laurent August 1st -- Oran, French Algeria
Major World Political LeadersAustralia Prime Minister Joseph Lyons Brazil President Getúlio Vargas Canada Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King
Germany Chancellor Adolf Hitler
Italy Prime Minister Benito Mussolini
Japan Prime Minister Keisuke Okada Till 9 March
Japan Prime Minister Koki Hirota From 9 March
Mexico President Lázaro Cárdenas Russia / Soviet Union
General Secretary of the Central Committee Joseph Stalin South Africa Prime Minister James Barry Munnik Hertzog United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt United Kingdom Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
United States Presidential Election 1936 Franklin D. Roosevelt (Democratic) Defeats Alf Landon (Republican) and William Lemke (Union)